By Kacy Mixon, M.S., LMFTFor many years researchers have studied various aspects that contribute to the stability of intimate relationships. For instance, commitment level, compatibility, and communication are common areas that are discussed in the literature . With regard to couple communication, Dr. John Gottman is noted for his research surrounding negative communication styles within relationships that tend to predict relationship failure [2, 3]. They include criticism, defensiveness, contempt, and stonewalling. A detailed description of these negative communication styles are listed in the table below. Gottman, J., Coan, J., Carrere, S., & Swanson, C. (1998). Predicting marital happiness and stability from newlywed interactions. Journal of Marriage and Family Therapy, 60(1), 5-22.What can couples do to remedy the harmful effects of the 4 Horsemen?Here are a few communication tips that couples can use to help develop sound relationships:Have a clear understanding of your partner’s complaintsLook for what is valid in your partner’s complaints and make this the focus of what is addressedSpeak respectfully even when angryPractice holding yourself and your partner in warm regard, even during a fight or when you feel distantDevelop skill that help repair damage that has occurred in the relationshipLive up to agreements you have made with your partner or initiate a time to renegotiateMake requests and needs to your partner clear, simple and specificShare compliments, verbal affection, and appreciation for one another daily [Flickr, Melissa and Dan by Rachel Adams, CC BY-ND 2.0] Retrieved on September 17, 2015In addition to the above tips, Gottman and colleagues have developed a curriculum for couples’ retreats that hone in on 7 areas thought to build sound relationships. These include building love maps, sharing fondness and admiration, turning towards one another for emotional connection, having a positive perspective, managing conflict, making life dreams come true, and creating shared meaning. For more information on each of these areas, click here. We’ve discussed couple’s retreat options and marriage and relationship enrichment programs for military families in previous posts. It is helpful for service professionals working with military couples to be aware of common relationship building interventions offered in these types of programs to assist couples in not only recognizing the benefits of these services, but also in helping couples determine what type of program would cater to their specific needs.References Kimberly, C., & Werner-Wilson, R. (2013). From John Lee to John Gottman: Recognizing intra- and interpersonal differences to promote marital satisfaction. Journal of Human Sciences and Extension, 1, 32-46. Gottman, J.M., & Silver, N. (1999). The seven principles for making marriage work: A practical guide from the country’s foremost relationship expert. New York, NY: Three Rivers Press. Gottman, J.M., Coan, J., Carrere, S., & Swanson, C. (1998). Predicting marital happiness and stability from newlywed interactions. Journal of Marriage and Family Therapy, 60(1), 5-22.This post was written by Kacy Mixon, M.S., LMFT, Social Media Specialist. She is a member of the MFLN Family Development (FD) team which aims to support the development of professionals working with military families. Find out more about the Military Families Learning Network FD concentration on our website, on Facebook, on Twitter, YouTube, and on LinkedIn.
The Family Development Early Intervention team is always on the look-out for quality children’s books that help address some of the unique needs of military children.Seth Kastle (used with subject’s permission)The following is an interview with Seth Kastle, author of two popular children’s books, Why Is Dad So Mad? and Why Is Mom So Mad?, both dealing specifically with PTSD in parents. This interview has been edited for length and clarity.What if any experiences do you have with the military?I retired from the Army Reserve in 2014, after 16 years in service. During my career I served as a Logistician, Infantryman, a Drill Sergeant, and a Company First Sergeant. I deployed in February 2002 to Qatar, and then in April to Mazar-E-Sharif Afghanistan until September of that year. I deployed for the initial invasion of Iraq in January of 2003 until April of 2004; I spent the majority of this tour in Mosul. I had to have a pacemaker implanted in 2010, which made me ineligible to continue my military career.What made you decide to write this book? Was there some incident or experience with the military that inspired you?I wish I could say that I was a completely benevolent person, and I simply wrote this book because I knew there was a greater need, but that is not the case. I wrote this book because of personal need. I was looking for a way to explain who I am now to my children and I could not find resources that achieved this purpose. I sat down and wrote the book along with illustration notes after a bad day at work. It took me about 30 minutes. I then did what a lot people who write do…I filed it away on my computer, never to be seen again. I had a friend who had just published a book on succeeding as a foster child who kept prodding me to take the steps to make publication a reality.Opening up and talking about my journey with PTSD has been extremely difficult for me. This is not something that is talked about much as there is a stigma that goes along with PTSD. There was hardly anyone who knew I was having problems. In fact, only my wife and two to three friends that I had been in Iraq or Afghanistan with were aware of my struggles. It was because I knew there was a large need for a book like this, that I was pushed into actually publishing it.What message do you hope that children of families receive as a result of reading these books?The thesis statements of the books are that even though Dad (or Mom) gets mad often, it is not the child’s fault. In the books I use metaphors to illustrate to children what is happening inside Dad (or Mom) when they get angry. Parenting is tough, even without additional obstacles; parents with PTSD have a harder time dealing with a lot of the common stressors of family life. It does not mean they do not love their children or care about their children’s feelings. Have you received any feedback from military families after they read your book, and if so, what have they said?This has actually been the most rewarding part of the entire book project coming to life. I have literally heard from hundreds of military families that have read my books. They have thanked me for writing the books, and they explained how this book helped them explain to their children what is happening with their Dad (or Mom). These books are not a magic fix for PTSD and family dynamics; my hope though is that they are set the stage for starting conversations. One email that sticks out in my head was from a Veteran who wrote to me and said, “You know that look your child gets the first time they understand something, my son got that look tonight when I read your book to him.” I have also had a number of Vietnam Veterans and their families reach out to me and say that they wished they had had this book 30 years ago. Some of them have even said that they bought the book for their adult children to help them understand now why things were the way they were when they were growing up.Do you have plans to write another book that focuses on the military? If so what is the focus of that book and when might we expect to see it?I feel like there needs to be a book that explains divorce to military children. The national divorce rate is high and the military is no different. I feel a large part of why my books have been successful is because they were written based on my experience, so they were true to life. Divorce is not something that I have experienced so I may not be able to do the book justice. To do it right I would need to, at a minimum, collaborate with a service member who has been through a divorce.The MFLN team has put together a one page guided discussion handout for both of Seth’s book which providers can use with young children and their families. You can access the handout for Why Is Mom So Mad? here and Why Is Dad So Mad? here.This post was edited by Robyn DiPietro-Wells & Michaelene Ostrosky, PhD, members of the MFLN FD Early Intervention team, which aims to support the development of professionals working with military families. Find out more about the Military Families Learning Network FD concentration on our website, on Facebook, on Twitter, and YouTube.
The Community Provider Toolkit was launched by the National Center for PTSD and Veterans Affairs with the goal to support behavioral health providers serving Veterans in their communities.This toolkit offers key tools and resources for working with Veterans, including easy to access information about how to screen for military experience, understanding military culture, as well as tools for working with a variety of behavioral health concerns.Check out their Mini-Clinics!Mini-Clinics are intended to provide clinicians with easy access to useful treatment tools! Each of their Mini-Clinics focuses on a different mental health condition. Topics include Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Suicide Prevention, Disability Benefits, and more!Interested in seeing what else the Community Provider Toolkit has to offer? Check it out here! This MFLN-Military Caregiving concentration blog post was published on November 17, 2017.
by Kristen DiFilippo PhD, RDN, LDNFor years, my husband asked me if I needed to see a doctor. “My stomach hurts” was such a part of my daily vocabulary that I didn’t know it wasn’t normal. I knew I was lactose intolerant, and that there were certain foods, like onions, and pop and that would make my stomach hurt, but I never put together the connection. It was at a routine check that my doctor suggested I might have Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS). I was shocked. As a dietitian, I had heard about the low-FODMAP diet, had even attended presentations at FNCE, but did not realize that this was diet that would apply to me personally.The concepts of FODMAPS, or Fermentable Oligosaccharides, Disaccharides, Monosaccharides and Polyols and was originally published in 2005.1 Decreasing dietary intake of these poorly absorbed short-chain carbohydrates in the small intestine has been shown to lessen symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome.2 Food lists are available describing which type of FODMAPs are in various foods. Even with my training as a dietitian, I struggled to navigate these lists. For help, I turned to a friend who researches IBS in athletes. She advised me to download the Monash University app. By using the stoplight system within the app, I was able to understand the different types of FODMAPs and successfully embark on an elimination diet. I got to a feeling of “good” that I didn’t even know I could have. Over time, I have trialed different foods, and have been able to reintroduce a number of items to my diet. What started as overwhelming has become second nature, and an easy way to minimize IBS symptoms.As a relatively new dietary intervention, many dietitians are interested in learning more about the implementation of low-FODMAP diets to support patients with functional gastrointestinal disorders. In fact, in 2017 more of you asked us to provide a learning opportunity on FODMAPs than any other topic. We are excited to answer this request on March 29th when Caroline Tuck, who completed her doctoral training at Monash University with the original FODMAP researchers, shares her insight into how to implement a low-FODMAP with patients struggling with IBS.Please share any issues or tips you have had either following a FODMAP diet or helping your clients/patients follow the diet.References:Gibson, PR; Shepherd, SJ (2005). “Personal view: food for thought–western lifestyle and susceptibility to Crohn’s disease. The FODMAP hypothesis”. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 21(12): 1399–1409. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2036.2005.02506.x. PMID15948806.Staudacher, HM; Whelan, K; Irving, PM; Lomer, MC (2011). “Comparison of symptom response following advice for a diet low in fermentable carbohydrates (FODMAPs) versus standard dietary advice in patients with irritable bowel syndrome”. J Hum Nutr Diet. 24(5): 487–495. doi:10.1111/j.1365-277X.2011.01162.x. PMID21615553Resources:App available on Apple or Google PlayLow FODMAP recipesThis blog was posted by Robin Allen, a member of the Military Families Learning Network (MFLN) Nutrition and Wellness team that aims to support the development of professionals working with military families. Find out more about the MFLN Nutrition and Wellness concentration on our website on Facebook, on Twitter, and LinkedIn.
Making the most of the seasonal down time can help set you up for the rest of the year. Here are a few thoughts for creative professionals on how to make the most of your summer break.Image from FlickrIn the creative industries the summer, and especially August, tend to be the quietest months of the year. Making the most of the down time can help set you up for the rest of the working year. After coming on near a decade of working as a freelance film editor, here are five ideas on how to have a creatively productive summer.1. Update Your WorkThe summer is a great time to take stock of the past year and plan ahead for the up-coming new work/academic year. This makes it a good time to review your business materials. How old or out of date is your website, showreel and business cards? These crucial business items are often left by creatives on the back burner, as they’re usually too busy to do anything about them. But you’ll need them in good shape at a moments notice when a big new client gets in touch and wants to see your work. Take a day or two to revamp, re-create and renew your online portfolio so that it really represents your best work. Reprint your dwindling stack of business cards and get all your ‘stuff’ updated. Also remember to update your Twitter, Facebook, LinkedIn and other social network profiles so that if potential clients check you out, or stumble across you online, they’ll be able to get in touch quickly and with an accurate understanding of your skill base.2. Reach OutGiven that you (and many others in creative industries) are now time-rich, it’s an ideal opportunity to get out there and meet people. Get in touch with recruitment agencies in your town and pop in for a meeting to get on their books. Contact some companies that you might like to get in with and see if you can pop in for a meeting and show off your portfolio. If you have other industry contacts who might be a bit more experienced than you then take them out to lunch, or for a drink, and pick their brains on how you can advance yourself in your chosen industry. Essentially invest your time in sowing seeds and reconnecting with contacts old and new to help set you up for the year ahead.3. Go Back to SchoolThe summer lull should provide you with some time to get back to school, get up-skilled and become more employable. If you can, try to take a real summer class at a college or university if you can. You never know who else you might meet with similar interests. Plus, you’ll hopefully leave with some kind of certificate or proof of competency. I think its also worth attempting something which will expand your skill set in more diverse directions. If you’re an editor an acting or directing class might be beneficial. Or even better, a class in theology, accountancy or cookery for that matter. There is an advantage to be had in simply having to learn new skills and acquire new knowledge. Stretching parts of the brain that might have otherwise lain dorment the rest of the year. Plus it will help to demonstrate to clients that you’re not a two-dimensional person.If you don’t have the time or money to invest in a full time summer course, there are plenty of great resources online. Coursera, The Khan Academy and iTunes U have hundreds of courses available – the majority of them for free. Learn some new skills on marketing, negotiation, business development or something more tangible. Once you start browsing you’ll soon discover tons of interesting courses are available, so get browsing.Image from FlickrAlso if you’re going to invest in some paid training series for a new piece of software, think through what the other barriers to entry might be. For example, learning DaVinci Resolve with an excellent course from somewhere like Ripple Training will definitely get you up to speed on the program and the essentials of color grading. However, to really make money being a colorist you will then need to have a calibrated monitor, correctly lit room and the beefy hardware to support your clients needs…which might be prohibitively expensive. Mastering After Effects on the other hand, might well supplement your graphics design, editorial or photographic skill base and directly lead to more work.4. Do a Passion ProjectDepending on how busy you normally expect to be over the summer months it could well be worth dusting off that old project you started and never finished or beginning a whole new one. If you’ve got a burning passion to tell a good story, the summer might be the best time to do embark on passion project of your own. Plus you might find some really talented creatives who also have time on their hands who don’t mind getting involved too. If you invest your time in helping out on some freebie projects, try to pick ones that represent an area of work that you want to be moving into. If you’ve never had a chance to do a music video, scan Mandy, Shooting People or other online production resources for upcoming music video work. Hopefully you’ll also make some good contacts and have fun along the way. Make sure you walk away with at least a credit and a copy of the finished project to include in your newly updated online showreel.5. Get AwayThe most important thing you can do with your summer break is to actually take a break. Getting away from work, resting, relaxing and re-charging are all vital for sustaining yourself throughout the rest of the year (or at least until your next holiday). Time off is crucial to making the most of your time on the job. You won’t regret it.How do you utilize breaks in work?Share your thoughts & suggestions in the comments below!
The best cinema camera under $1,000 just had it’s price cut in half.Indie-filmmakers take notice! Blackmagic Design has just recently cut the Pocket Cinema Camera price in half. The announcement came without warning on July 16 and it will only be available until August 31.If you have considered buying a Pocket Camera now is definitely the time. The Pocket Camera has been extremely popular among filmmakers since it’s introduction just a few years ago – the most notable feature being the 13 stops of dynamic range which is just shy of the 13.5 stops featured on an Arri Alexa! The Pocket Camera also allows for filmmakers to shoot in CinemaDNG RAW.However, the biggest negative going against the Blackmagic Pocket Cinema Camera is that it’s only available with a micro 4/3 lens mount. But if you have been following the news, Metabones just announced their EF to Micro 4/3 speed booster and adapter. Allowing users to use their Canon lenses on a BMPCC.The following video is a great example of what can be shot with the BMPCC:If you are interested in learning more about the BMPCC heck out the Pocket Camera section of the PremiumBeat blog.Pricing and AvailabilityYou can pick up your 50% off Blackmagic Pocket Camera for only $495 from major sellers including B&H, Adorama and Amazon. The sale is going on now and extends until August 31st.Does this convince you to go ahead and buy a BMPCC? Share in the comments below.
We slow down time and take a look at how different camera shutters work.There’s nothing like the sound of a professional camera shutter. It’s become so synonymous with photography that digital cameras and phone cameras often have a fake sound effect to make the photography experience more authentic.But have you ever wondered about the process behind that magical sound effect?How do DSLR shutters work?When it comes to a DSLR camera shutter there are 3 basic mechanisms: the mirrorbox, the bottom door, and the top door. When you look through a DSLR view finder you are essentially looking through a series of mirrors that get their light directly from the lens. When you click the shutter button that system of mirrors flips upwards to allow light to pass to the sensor. This is why the viewfinder goes black for a short amount of time when taking photos.Once the mirror is flipped upwards a small door will move from top to bottom exposing the sensor beneath. After that another door will fall down, covering up the entire sensor. This process can vary in time depending on the length of your shutter speed. Sometimes a shutter speed can be so fast that your camera sensor won’t be entirely exposed at any one time.After the second door closes your mirror will fall back into place. The doors will then reset to their original positions underneath. This entire process from mirror up to mirror down is known as an actuation. A typical DSLR can withstand over 100,000 actuations in its lifetime. The following is a graphic example of 1 full actuation: How do mirrorless camera shutters work?Unlike DSLRs, mirrorless cameras don’t use a mirror box or pentaprism to project light directly into the viewfinder. Instead, when using a mirrorless camera the sensor is perpetually exposed to incoming light by default with nothing in-between. This is why mirrorless cameras use either an LCD screen or an electronic viewfinder to monitor what is coming through the lens.As soon as the user hits the shutter button a door will swing up to cover the sensor. Once covered up the sensor will begin exposing. The door will then swing down to expose the sensor to light. After that another door will swing down to cover the sensor. The sensor will then stop exposure and the doors will reset.Here’s an example of how a mirrorless camera works:Why do cameras have mechanical shutters anymore?Before the existence of digital sensors it was vital your camera have a mechanical shutter. This is because you can’t simply turn film on or off like a digital sensor. Pre-developed film is light sensitive, meaning any exposure to outside light would severely damage your images. However, in the age of digital photography the landscape is certainly different. Modern sensors are fully capable of taking photographs without a mechanical shutter.Image from ShutterstockSmaller consumer cameras like point-and-shoots and phone cameras are all examples of shutterless cameras. Shutterless cameras tend to have more image noise in the image than their traditional shuttered counterparts. This is because shutterless cameras constantly send power to the sensor. When a user hits the shutter button the sensor is flooded with more power and the image is captured and if you’re familiar with ISO you know that more power equals more noise.We will likely see professional shutterless cameras in the future, but for now they simply are too grainy/noisy for most high-end professional photography.How do shutters work when capturing video?When shooting video on a the shutter process is much different. Because a typical still camera can only activate it’s shutter mechanism about 6 times per second, the physical shutter doors are far too slow to shoot video (which is typically shot in 24 or 30 fps). Instead, when shooting video or in the live-view mode your shutter doors and mirror are left open, leaving your sensor perpetually exposed. Instead of relying on mechanical processes, the ‘shutter speed’ when shooting video is only a reference to a timed amount of power that goes through the sensor. This is known as an electronic shutter. After each frame is captured the electronic shutter resets.What is a global shutter?Although the name would insinuate that it is simply a type of shutter process, a global shutter is more a camera sensor related feature. When it comes to camera sensors there are two main categories that you need to know CMOS and CCD.CMOS sensors are more common among consumer to pro-sumer cameras, but they are also more problematic. This is because CMOS sensors read pixel information from the top left of the sensor to the bottom right. This is a problem because if your subject is incredibly fast and moves position during capture you will get warped images. This is known as rolling shutter and it can produce some pretty annoying ‘jello’ effects, especially when shooting video.Image from Andor.comOn the other hand CCD sensors, or global shutters, will record the entire frame at once, very similar to a film camera. This eliminates warping, leaving you with a more pleasing image.What is a rotary disk shutter?Rotary disk shutter only pertains to actual film (movie) cameras. As you probably already know, a film camera works by exposing 24 individual film frames to light per second. The result is fluid motion that gives the illusion of movement. As you can imagine, the mechanical processes already covered in this article, known as focal-plane shutters, are far too complex and time consuming to be performed 24 times per second. Instead a film camera uses a rotary disk shutter.This shutter looks very similar to a fan. In short, the Rotary Disk rotate on the inside of the camera body, exposing the film to light then covering it up again with the blade of the disk. The rotary disk process works in 3 steps: under the cover of the disk the camera film would move into place, the disk would allow light in, and the disk would cover the frame. Repeat this process 24 times per second and you have yourself a moving picture.Image from WikipediaThe thing that makes rotary disk shutters truly unique is the way in which the shutter speed is calculated. In modern cameras you can select the exact shutter speed you want for your image, but in traditional film (movie) cameras you have to calculate your shutter speed yourself. Rotary disks have the shutter angle, or the size of the pizza slice (see chart), listed on their blades. DP’s can then go in and determine what the shutter speed is by calculating the shutter angle with the frame rate.For example, if you were shooting a film at 24 fps and had a rotary disk with a shutter angle of 180 degrees your shutter speed would be 1/48 or double 24 fps. The following diagram may help you get a good idea of how this process works.If you are looking to shoot on film in the near future there are a lot of really good online resources to help you figure out your shutter speed. It’s also not uncommon to see shutter speed displayed by shutter angle when shooting on high-end cinematography cameras.What in the heck is a leaf shutter?A leaf shutter is a shutter that functions inside of a lens. Instead of acting like a door or a fan, a leaf shutter works a lot like a lens aperture.Image from KernPhotoYou won’t find leaf shutters in everyday cameras. Typically they are only found in medium format high-end photography cameras. They can function at higher flash sync speeds (up to 1/1600) making them great for anyone who wants to shoot outdoors at a low f-stop with a strobe. Because these lenses are hand crafted, not manufactured on an assembly line, they tend to be incredibly expensive.Shutters In-ActionThe following videos showcase various camera shutters in slow motion. Note how violent the process is on the photography equipment. It’s amazing that the camera shutters don’t break more often.Nikon D4 (DSLR)Canon 7D (DSLR)Fujifilm x-PRO1 (Mirrorless)Note how this Fujifilm mirrorless camera doesn’t have a mirror or pentaprism. It is just a constantly exposed sensor that is covered up only during the photo capturing process.Want to learn more about camera shutters? Check out a few of the following resources:How Shutter Works – C.R.I.S. Camera ServicesHow Shutter Speed Works – How Stuff WorksHow Does Shutter Work When Shooting Video – Photo Stack ExchangeGlobal Shutters – Digital BolexWhy Leaf Shutter Lenses Matter – Kern PhotoDo you think mechanical shutters are here to stay? Share in the comments below.
Learn three commands that will make your revisions faster and easier with this Premiere Pro tip!It happens every time – You’ve got your edit just right. Every cut is perfectly timed, each graphic is in the right spot. Then the client comes back with one or two b-roll shots they want replaced. Or maybe they want an alternate version with a different end-graphic for the web. These are pretty simple revisions, but what if you could do them even faster than before? In this handy Premiere Pro tip, learn how three simple commands can make replacing shots easier than ever and save you several keystrokes every time!The three magic commands are located in the “Clip”: 1. Replace with Clip… From Source MonitorThis command replaces the selected clip with whatever is loaded in the Source Monitor, and it respects any In Point you have set. This is handy when you need to replace a b-roll shot, but don’t want to accidentally move the timing of the edit. You can set an In Point in the Source Monitor to make sure that frame is placed at the first frame of the clip you’re replacing in the timeline (this does not work with Out Points, however).2. Replace with Clip… From Source Monitor, Match FrameThis command does functions the same way as “Replace with Clip…From Source Monitor,” except that it puts the frame you’re parked at in the Source Monitor into the same place you’re parked at in the Timeline. This is particularly handy if you want a specific action or point of the clip to line up with a specific time in the timeline (say, a music hit, for example). Like before, very handy for b-roll replacement.3. Replace with Clip… From BinThis one may seem less useful, but I’ve found a very specific circumstance where it comes in handy: Often, I’m asked to make multiple variations of the same edit, usually where the graphics change (one for web, one for TV, etc.). I’ll render out the different versions of my end graphics from After Effects as separate clips (all with the same duration, if possible) and import them all into Premiere.From there, I can go to the graphics in my timelines, select the appropriate graphic clips in the timeline, select what I want to replace it with in the Bin, and hit the “Replace with Clip… From Bin” command. An advantage of doing this: Effects and transitions that were on the original clip in the timeline are retained. This is pretty similar to option/alt-dragging a clip to replace it, but is a keyboard-centric way to do that.Over my time as an editor, I’ve found myself using these keys a good bit, especially with revisions and repetitive graphics replacements. I ended up mapping them to F13-F15 (I use a full-size keyboard). Hopefully these help you with your quick revisions! Here are a few more helpful Premiere Pro tips, tricks, and tutorials:Create Quick and Easy Vignettes in Premiere ProPremiere Pro Tutorial: Compositing Live-Action and Timelapse FootageThree Quick Tips for Editing in Premiere ProWas this Premiere Pro tip helpful? Got any of your own tricks that you’d like to share? Do it in the comments below! Replace with Clip… From Source MonitorReplace with Clip… From Source Monitor, Match FrameReplace with Clip… From BinEach one of these commands starts with the same setup: You select a clip in the timeline that you want to replace. All three of these commands replace the clip you have selected with whatever is either loaded in the source monitor or selected in the bin.
Shooting with a SnorriCam creates a wildly disorienting point of view and a skewed perspective that immediately grabs the audience’s attention. Let’s explore the rig and look at how you can make your own.Cover image via Warner Bros.With the advent of consumer action cameras such as the GoPro and Sony Action Cam, first-person perspective shots have only increased in popularity. They’re popping up in feature films, extreme sports, YouTube video, commercials — it’s a very popular trend.Like all filmmaking techniques, there is, of course, an opposite to the fixed first-person perspective shot. While the shot itself doesn’t have a specific term, it commonly goes by the name of the device that makes it possible: SnorriCam, which is just the principle name for a chest cam or body mount.The History of the SnorriCamYou’ve undoubtedly seen this shot many times in cinema, TV, and music videos. First created by two Icelandic photographers (Einar Snorri and Eiður Snorri, hence the name), the SnorriCam is a device that mounts the camera to the body of an actor. The camera, in more or less all circumstances, faces the actor.It creates a fascinating visual effect. The perspective of the entire scene constantly changes, while the actor always remains in the same fixed position in the center of the frame. The world literally rotates around the actor.The shot is very jarring and ultimately can’t be used for that long because of the following:It can disorientate the audience (much like overuse of shaky cam).Like a zoom in, the camera draws attention to itself, taking the audience out of the story.Pick the Right Time to Use ItImage via SonySo, if the shot itself can cause disorientation, when is it best put to use? Well, it would be when the character is in some state of bafflement, whether that be due to illness, drugs, confusion, or injury. The technique, if used for a brief moment, can immediately bring the audience into the character’s disorientated state of reality.Recognize Its Strengths and Weaknesses Image via Protozoa PicturesMuch like most of the filmmaking equipment before the DSLR revolution, a body mount was incredibly expensive and quite strenuous for an actor to wear. Take the above behind-the-scenes still from Requiem for a Dream by Darren Aronofsky. Jennifer Connolly is wearing a sizable rig with a 16mm camera attached.Compare that image to the one at the very top of this article, a behind-the-scenes shot from the CW TV show Arrow. Actor Stephen Amell is wearing a SnorriCam mounted with a Blackmagic Design Pocket Camera. It would be a safe bet to say that Amell is a lot more comfortable with that device versus the one Connolly had to wear.Fortunately for us, with the abundant choices of pocket cinema cameras, DSLRs, and any other mirrorless camera, it’s never been a better time to create a SnorriCam with ease. All one needs is the mounting device — and thanks to YouTube, you are presented with many ways to make one (more on that below).Understand the EquipmentImage via No Film SchoolThese days, any small camera — like the GH4 or Blackmagic Pocket Cinema Camera — is going to work well with these DIY rigs. The lens will be the deciding factor in successfully capturing the shot. Apply too much zoom and your composition is going to consist of your actor’s eyebrows. Shoot too wide and you run the risk of having the rig enter the composition. 20mm-24mm is a safe choice for a Micro Four Thirds mount.If you’re shooting on a full-frame DSLR, you might look at using a 30-35mm lens. If your camera is tilted toward the top of the actor’s face, or if your SnorriCam rig has a large arm which protrudes out at a sharp angle, you will have better luck using wider lenses.It ultimately comes down to your camera’s sensor, the focal length of the lens, and the length and angle of your rigs arm. As your camera will be fixed in the same position at all times, you technically shouldn’t have to worry about focus, but I would recommend having quite a deep focus.Tutorials for Building Your Own SnorriCamI’ve taken the liberty of going through YouTube tutorials to pull the best demonstrations of DIY SnorriCam construction. Any of the below examples would make for a fun project.This first one (from Indy Mogul) guides you through the process of building a SnorriCam out of wood.Then there’s this tutorial from DIY Duke. This Snorricam is built from PVC, which might be easier for those who don’t have access to woodworking tools. Have you used a chest-mounted device for a project before? Have you ever built your own SnorriCam? Share your experiences in the comments below!
PolarizersPolarizers are one of the best kept secrets in the film world. They’re great tools that can drastically enhance the quality of your footage, providing you with far more cinematic and vibrant images. I have to admit that I didn’t start using polarizers until very recently. Once I began to use them, I finally realized how powerful they can be. Polarizers have many usages. They can create bluer skies, minimize reflections on car windshields, or see more clearly into water.Much like NDs, polarizers also come in circular models that you can thread to the front of your lens or in 4×5.65 rotating applications. For more on camera filtration, check out these articles:The Five Lens Filters Every Video Shooter Should OwnManipulating the Invisible Spectrum With ND FiltersThe World of Diffusion Filters Filtration for your camera can be a essential to creating the most cinematic images. Here’s what you need to know.Cover image via Shutterstock.With a wide variety of available filtration options, choosing the right tool to enhance your story can be challenging. I’m going to walk you through the three most common types of filtration that you may come across. Each type of filtration is an essential filmmaking tool, with a unique purpose, to help you tell your story effectively.Neutral DensityNeutral Density filters, or ND filters, are a key component of crafting cinematic images. One of the most common uses of ND filtration is to darken your image in exterior daylight, allowing you to open up your lens aperture to create a more shallow and cinematic depth of field.ND filters come in all different strengths. The “lightest” ND is a .3, which reduces the exposure of your image by 1 full stop. The next step up is .6 which is two stops. Incrementally each additional stop of light is measured as .3 more than the previous. So for example, a 3 stop light reduction would be ND .9, and 4 stops would be an ND 1.2.ND filtration is available in all sort of sizes from a 52mm thread that attaches to the front of your lens to a 4×5.65 sheet that drops into the matte box of your camera. Diffusion FiltersWith today’s modern digital cameras and lenses, sharpness is king. However, with so much sharpness in images now, cinematographers are looking for ways to soften their images to make them appear smoother and more fluid. This is where diffusion filters step in. Diffusion filtration does three jobs: it softens the image, blooms the highlights, and lifts the shadows and contrast. These three elements help to take the edge off today’s sharp digital images. However, what makes diffusion filtration great is that even though it reduces some of the digital sharpness, it still produces a cinematic image that doesn’t look soft-focused.Below is a nearly comprehensive test of all of Lee’s various diffusion filters. This test should help you see how powerful diffusion filters can be and what type of look each variety offers.
The Blackmagic eGPU is a new external graphics processor made exclusively for Mac. Here’s what we think it can do for you.Recently, Blackmagic Design let us try out their brand-new external graphics processor, the Blackmagic eGPU. Here’s what we discovered about this space-age tower.The First LookFirst off, this thing looks and feels majestic. Its sleek metal frame and wave-pattern enclosure likens it to an Apple product, with smooth, rounded metal edges and intuitive design. It’s pretty large, standing at just about a foot tall and about six inches wide. At first glance, one would think this is a computer tower — maybe from Alienware. It’s incredibly sturdy, and you can definitely tell that a lot of work went into this design (as Blackmagic is known for). It’s definitely something to feature on your desk, not to stow away in a dark corner.The SpecsThe eGPU features some impressive specs that put it a notch above other eGPUs:Built-in Radeon Pro 580 with 8GB of GDDR5 memory.Plug-and-Play connectivity.Native Mac compatibility.4 USB 3 ports.2 Thunderbolt 3 ports.HDMI 2.0 port.Internal PSU.Supports LG UltraFine 5K Display via Thunderbolt 3.Ultra-quiet – about 18dB.Price: $699So, if some of these features mean nothing to you, here’s the breakdown. The Radeon Pro 580 is a beast in the GPU world, and with 8GB of dedicated RAM, it can power most GPU-driven tasks without a hitch. With the native Mac compatibility and plug-and-play connectivity, all you have to do is plug in the eGPU to get it to work with your Mac. Being the first Mac-only eGPU available in the Apple Store, it’s your only choice right now for a graphics upgrade. You just need to be sure that your Mac is running iOS 10.13.4, which is when they introduced the official eGPU support.The four USB 3 ports and two thunderbolt ports are wildly helpful, since Apple has been moving over to Thunderbolt 3 ports for most of their devices. You can also connect to the LG UltraFine 5K Display with the Thunderbolt 3 cable — a first for an eGPU in its field.This thing is also incredibly quiet — the fans barely overcrank, and it can run while doing VO without interrupting during a render. I have a feeling the over-engineered design has something to do with it.How Can This Help You?Well, for starters, you can’t upgrade your Mac’s GPU, and it’s not like we are going to see that change anytime soon. So an eGPU is essentially your only option besides building your own PC.The eGPU will help out mostly in DaVinci Resolve — another Blackmagic product. Resolve uses the GPU for the majority of its processing, unlike Premiere or Final Cut, which rely on the CPU and RAM. So if you’re a Resolve user, look forward to a spike in processing speed. For Premiere and Final Cut users, there’s not as much for you in this eGPU, since those programs won’t use its processing power. (We may see Final Cut start using GPU power in the future, so keep your eyes peeled for updates.)If you’re a gamer (A Mac gamer? Bless your heart), the eGPU will certainly boost those frame rates and give you more options when playing hi-res.So, final thoughts: Blackmagic’s eGPU will certainly boost performance on GPU-heavy programs like video games or Resolve. And a key feature of this machine that gets overlooked is that you can use it as a hub for a run-and-gun home editing suite. Since you can plug monitors, hard drives, and anything else into the eGPU tower, all you have to do is connect your mac with a single thunderbolt cable, and you’ve now got access to an entire tower of connected devices — as well as a power source. So when you come home to connect to your devices, one plug does the work of four.If you (or your business) has the money, this is a worthwhile investment. We might be seeing a wave of Mac eGPUs flood the market in the near future, but for now, the Blackmagic eGPU’s your best bet.Images via Blackmagic.Looking for more articles on video production gear? Check these out.Panasonic Unveils Their New Mirrorless L-Mount CamerasBreaking: Deity Releases Their New Wireless Mic System A Look At The Unmatched Versatility of the Canon C700FFThis DIY Roger Deakins Style Ring Light Costs Less Than $150Breaking: Aputure Releases Their New Line of Light-Shaping Accessories
We took a behind-the-scenes look into the workflow of one documentary filmmaker’s quest to avoid unconscious bias in her work.In this Adobe featurette on award-winning documentary filmmaker Robin Hauser, we not only get a peek inside the editing workflow of a talented and diverse team, we also get insights into the ever-present challenge of avoiding unconscious bias.Hauser, who had previous documentary success with CODE: Debugging the Gender Gap, takes us through her editing workflow on bias — her latest documentary, which is fresh off its world premiere at the Bentonville Film Festival.What Is Unconscious Bias?I consider myself a fair-minded person, but the more I learn about unconscious bias, the more I see how it influences my life. My closest friends are a lot like me. I make assumptions about people based on their appearances and where they grew up. I began to wonder: what biases do I have that I am not aware of and how do they affect my choices and actions? From these questions, the bias documentary was born.If you’ve ever taken a documentary film class — either as a film student or in a film appreciation role — you’ll quickly learn that good documentaries are about issues. Not only do they inform, they also create a conversation, ideally building a dialogue that resonates with audiences well after the screening. Hauser’s bias does not simply explain away the issue of “unconscious bias” as social stereotypes about certain groups of people that individuals form outside their own conscious awareness. Both the filmmaker and the audience explore the issue.Build Your Editing TeamDocumentary films tend to get really complex by the end. We have dozens of interviews, each shot with multiple cameras. For bias, we also combed through many hours of archival footage and sprinkled in original animation to flesh out our film. The challenge was trying to edit all of this footage into a single 90-minute story.For bias, Hauser reunited herself with editor Christie Herring from her previous film Code: Debugging the Gender Gap. As with most documentaries, this project meant the duo had to go through thousands of hours of footage to build out their narrative. It’s important to not only have a good workflow but also a solid relationship between director and editor. For Hauser and Herring, tackling a nuanced subject like unconscious bias meant that they needed good communication to check each other and keep their narrative on target.Moving from Mac to PCI was thrilled that Premiere Pro functions the same on both Mac and PC. It was such a relief to me and my team that we could switch environments and still have everything we needed exactly where we expected it to be.While Hauser and her team had previously worked in a Mac ecosystem, they decided to move to a PC-based workflow on Dell workstations for bias. One big issue for all documentary filmmakers and editors moving forward digitally is the decision to work with proxies and transcoded media — as is the case for many Mac workflows — or to use more powerful workstations to edit footage organically in native 4K resolution.Share Edits in Real TimeTeam Projects was the key to our whole workflow. I could share changes in real time with my assistant editors, talking to them over phone or chat as we looked over changes in real time. It increased our efficiency and gave us enormous control over how we did our work. We were not forced to be tied to one edit system.When Hauser and Herring moved from a Mac-based workflow to PC, they also switched over to Premiere Pro — mostly for their preference for Team Projects as a way to share edits remotely and in real time. This allowed the duo to work while traveling and in a more digital office space where they could stay hyper-connected while shaping their documentary’s story and messaging.All images via bias.For more information about bias, you can check out the film’s website here. For more documentary editing tips and tricks, check out some of these resources.Documentary Editing Tips for Working with Lots of FootageInterview: Filmmaker Bradley Olsen and His FCPX Documentary “Off the Tracks”12 Video Editing Tips for Cutting a DocumentaryDocumentary Film Editors Talk About Their ProcessHow to Organize a Feature Film Edit Like a Pro
The controller for the light has preset gel settings. And you can control all this with the new Aputure app. They’re really pulling out all the stops here. The app can work with the 120, 300, and RGBW lighting models, allowing you to control the lights and save presets.Price: $1,699Release: Late Summer 2019New Lantern AttachmentThe new lantern attachment wants to get rid of flimsy, unreliable china balls and reduce the time you spend setting up lights. With supposed breakdown and setup times of 30 seconds each, Aputure’s new lantern looks like the fast shooter’s best friend.Specs:Stop diffusion soft box ball (26″)Create 360-degree, omni-directional, soft light source4-leaf flexible barn doorsCompatible with Bowens mount light fixtureCompatible with strobe and LED lightEasy to set up and release Release Date: “Coming soon”RGBW LightAputure’s answer to the ARRI Skypanel is here. The new light supposedly offers full color spectrum and saturation customization. Earlier, we covered the LiteMat Spectrum, and here we have another solution that gets rid of gels completely and focuses on lighting-based effects.The main features:Superior brightnessUltra-bright soft lightPowerful lighting effectsRobust constructionDurable build quality, ready for any film setBallast-free design with separate control box for easier rigging Price: UnknownRelease: UnknownStay tuned this week for more Aputure announcements.For more NAB 2019 coverage, check out these articles.NAB 2019: Blackmagic Design Announces New Battery Grip for the BMPCC4KNAB 2019: SmallHD Announces Their Camera-Controlled 7″ MonitorNAB 2019: Sony Announces the Latest 4K Broadcast BeastNAB 2019: AVID Announces Stellar New Media ComposerNAB 2019: DaVinci Resolve 16 At NAB 2019, Aputure’s 300d II is upon us — as are some other new releases — and we’re ready to have our socks knocked off.Aputure has become the go-to lighting company across all aspects of production. Even their smallest lights pack a punch at a reasonable price. Well, it seems like they’ve done it again with their new 300d Mark II. (This hasn’t been officially announced yet, so as we hear from Ted and the team at Aputure, we’ll update this post with details.)They’ve also finally finished the LEKO attachment that we heard about at NAB 2018. The mount is supposedly called the “Spotlight Mount.” Also they’re finally releasing their answer to the ARRI Skypanel with an RGBW Light that comes in around 1/3 of the Skypanel’s price. There’s also now an Aputure App that allows you to control your lights from your phone.There’s a lot to look at, so let’s get right to it.Powerful New 300d Mk IIThe new light is 20% brighter than the 300d. The power ballast comes with a C-stand attachment, so you don’t have to hang it by wires, and there will be 8 lighting presets, such as strobe, explosion, and flash. You can also power the new light with two V-mount batteries.Aputure clearly keeps outdoing themselves. Whether it’s the control box or the power of the light, the company never stops listening to their customers and making the gear that we all want. Aputure will save us all. (I say this all the time, but I actually mean it this time . . . like, totally).SPECS:Up to 90,000lux @ 1 meter with Fresnel 2X20% brighter than the original 300dNew all-in-one fanless control box0% – 100% dimming controlImproved handbrake locking yoke with 360-degree rotationDMX512 compatibilityModular Bowens mount for lighting modifiersPrice: $1,299Release: AugustSpotlight MountRemember last fall when Aputure announced they were woking on a LEKO attachment? Well, here’s what they’ve done: the new Spotlight Mount. It’s glorious, and we’re not worthy. Here’s hoping we see it released sooner rather than later.Here are the specs for the mount:Aluminum alloy die castings. Durable and lightweight designPrecision optical system gives a high output, high resolution, and even beamsInterchangeable spotlight lens design with your choice of 19″, 26″, and 36″ lensesThree-layer-shutter allows for more control over light shapingBowens mount design compatible with Aputure 120 and 300 series LEDsDual-slot slit design allows for simultaneous Iris and Gobos useAccessories: Gobo X3 (Tree, Window, Breakup) Gobo Holder and Gel Holder
One of the greatest differences between successful people and people who do not have the level of success they want is the ability to focus, the ability to give themselves over to their work.Success is intentional. No one succeeds by being reactive. To focus, to give something your full attention, and to get things done, you need energy.Here is how I am thinking about my work and my recovery.Proactive – WorkThe very best place to invest your time is in the right half of the four quadrants.Proactive work is the work that is aligned with your purpose, aligned with your goals, and aligned with your vision. The work that you do here is intentional, and it will help you live your purpose, reach your goals, and realize your vision.This the work you do by design.Your personal life is a primary part of your work. The reason so many people are unhappy and complaining about work-life balance is because they don’t treat their personal life as if it is as important as their job. They aren’t proactive and intentional about planning time for their spouse, their children, their loved ones, and their friends.The need to be proactive here is just as important.You plan to do the most important work you need to do each day. And you plan to invest your focus and attention on the people who are important to you.Proactive – RecoveryThere are all kinds of things that you do that allow you to recover your physical and emotional energy. But the things that you do to recover intentionally are more valuable than the things that you spend time on unintentionally.These are things like meditation, exercise, sleep, yoga, taking planned breaks, and spending time away from your work.Many of us pride ourselves on our workload. Then we break down because we’ve abused the vessel through which all that production is made possible. The things on your recovery list need to be taken care of in the same proactive way you take care of the things on your proactive work list.Reactive – WorkThere is some work that just shows up. It is important. It might be urgent. It may even be aligned with your purpose, your goals, and your vision. Whatever it is, it needs to be done, and you may need to be the one to do it.It’s always good to ask yourself a series of questions before you invest your time here.First, you need to ask yourself if this isn’t something that, had you been proactive earlier, might not be showing up now? If it is, you may need to do this task now, or you may need to do it in such a way that it never shows up again.Second, you need to ask yourself whether or not you are the primary value creator for this work. If you aren’t, it might be possible to give the work to someone who can do the work as well or better than you.Remember, your personal life shows up here, too. Your child is sick, and she needs to go to the doctor. You may have to be the one to take her, and there may be nothing you can do about it. Not all reactive tasks are bad.Reactive – RecoveryIf you don’t take time to recover, your body and your mind will take care of that on their own.If you don’t get mental recovery, you lose focus. You’ll lose your stamina for completing the proactive work that you most need to do. If this goes on too long, you’ll experience burnout.If you don’t take time for your body to recover, you will likely become physically ill. You’ll susceptible to all kinds of illnesses.Reactive recovery is when your mind checks out. You slip over to the Internet and browse Facebook for an hour. You didn’t mean to, but you lost focus. You are at work, but you aren’t working. You are just recovering, waiting to react.You’re too tired to concentrate, and you lack the physical energy and stamina to work. So you sit.These things happen because your body and your mind are telling you they need to recover. But these things don’t provide the necessary level of recovery.Focus and EnergyThis is all about your focus, your attention, and your energy. You need to be proactive in your work and in your recovery to produce the energy and the results you want.Where are you spending most of your time? What changes do you need to make? Essential Reading! Get my 3rd book: Eat Their Lunch “The first ever playbook for B2B salespeople on how to win clients and customers who are already being serviced by your competition.” Buy Now
The recommendations here and at www.thesalesblog.com are necessary, but I don’t pretend any of this easy.
Pune: Union Minister of Urban Development M. Venkaiah Naidu on Friday said the Congress has slipped from being a “national party” to a “notional party” and that the BJP, under Prime Minister Narendra Modi, has now taken its mantle.Mr. Naidu said that the country needs Mr. Modi and the BJP for the next 15 years to repair the damage done by the Congress. He also said that he can not comprehend why the Shiv Sena, the BJP’s ally, was praising the Congress prior to the civic polls and censuring the BJP instead.Mr. Naidu was speaking during a visit to the city ahead of the civic polls on February 21. ‘Sena panicky’He said, “[The rift between the BJP and the Sena] signifies that the Sena is panicky about the results to the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation. Once upon a time, the BJP was perceived as the ‘younger’ brother in the alliance, now the situation has reversed.”When asked about the Sena’s response to the BJP’s alleged clampdown on the former’s mouthpiece Saamna, Mr. Naidu said that he would “not allow such a thing to happen.”“Let anyone write whatever they want. I will not put any prohibition on Saamna. We have no wish to replicate an emergency-like situation imposed by the Congress,” Mr. Naidu said, adding: “But if the Shiv Sena persists in disparaging the Prime Minister through its mouthpiece, it will only be to their detriment and will affect the paper’s quality.”He refused to comment on rumours that the Sena would break-off with the BJP after the civic polls, stating there was no point indulging in speculation.‘Congress weakened’Terming the Congress as “a spent force”, the Union Minister read out a list of names of the Congress’s top brass — from Rita Bahuguna Joshi to veteran S.M. Krishna — who had either joined the BJP or quit the party in disgruntlement.Mr. Naidu said the party has now become a regional one. “They could have made the country strong, but instead weakened its institutions and destabilised it through dynastic politics.”He said many sections of the country support the BJP, however, the party is yet to secure the firm support of minority communities. He said that the party is making progress in this direction.Mr. Naidu said that the Central BJP leaders are campaigning for the civic polls in Mumbai and Pune to ensure that the party takes control of these crucial municipal corporations.Development agenda He said, “We need to elect an administration where local bodies, State and Centre work in conjunction for effective implementation of the development agenda.”Mr. Naidu also implied that the major schemes for Pune — Smart City, Metro Rail, and rejuvenation of the Mula-Mutha riverfront — would only come to fruition if the BJP was elected to the Pune Municipal Corporation and the Pimpri-Chinchwad Municipal Corporation.Speaking to The Hindu, he said the regional parties that had controlled the civic bodies would be swept aside by the BJP. “Regional parties have proved that they are unable to rule anywhere in the country, be it Uttar Pradesh or elsewhere. Likewise, despite the NCP retaining a hold on the civic bodies, this time the public mood clearly favours the BJP.”
PANAJI: The Panaji Police on Wednesday booked Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) State vice-president Anil Hoble, his wife and son, Milind, for assaulting his daughter in-law and harassing her for dowry. According to a First Information Report filed at the Women’s Police Station in Panaji following a complaint by the victim’s mother, Suchita Shirodkar, Mr. Hoble and the two others have been booked under Sections 498 (a), 323 (domestic violence causing hurt) 506 (ii) (criminal intention) and Sections 3 and 4 of the Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961. “An FIR has been registered following a complaint by Ms. Shirodkar, who is based in Mumbai. The case is under investigation,” Superintendent of Police(Crime) Karthik Kashyap told The Hindu. Mr. Hoble dismissed the allegations as baseless, and told reporters that he would tell the truth at the appropriate time. In her complaint, Ms. Shirodkar has said that she received a call from Mr. Hoble around 2 a.m. on Tuesday, asking her to pick up her daughter from their residence near Panaji. “When we reached there, my daughter had injury marks. Mr. Hoble threatened to shoot us and chop us up with a knife,” she said. The complainant has alleged that Mr. Hoble and his family had been demanding dowry from her daughter since she married his son, Milind, in 2009.
The UP police on Sunday claimed to have solved the case relating to the gangrape and murder on the Bulandshahr-Jewar highway in May after four men were arrested after an encounter here.The police got a tip-off on Saturday night that a gang of criminals were planning to strike near the Sabota underpass and it was the same gang that had committed the gangrape of four women in May this year, Senior Superintendent of Police, Gautam Budh Nagar, Love Kumar told reporters. Police teams reached the site and after a shootout, arrested four men. One of the suspects suffered a bullet injury while two others managed to escape, he said. The four arrested have been identified as Ashok alias Raju, Rakesh alias Chun Chun, Deepak and Jai Singh.The police also claimed to have recovered the jewellery robbed in the incident that allegedly took place on the intervening night of May 24-25 near Sabota village in Jewar.
One militant and a civilian were killed in a late-night shootout on Thursday in south Kashmir’s Anantnag, the police said on Friday.A police spokesman said an operation was launched at Herpora-Kanelwan-Karvel, Anantnag, on a specific input about the presence of three militants on Thursday night. “Militants fired on the search party, resulting in an exchange of fire. Around midnight, taking advantage of the darkness, two militants fired and managed to escape,” said the spokesman.The police said one civilian was killed in the firing. Later, family members identified the victim as Ghulam Mohi-ud-din Bhat, a resident of Arwini. According to the police, Bhat was riding a motorcycle “when he got killed in the crossfire”.“One militant of Hizbul Mujahideen, Yawar Nissar Shergujri alias Algazi, was also killed in the encounter,” said the spokesman. Shergujri, sources said, had joined militancy last month.Arms seizedRifleman Rohit Kumar sustained injuries in the operation. One self-loading rifle, two magazines, 40 rounds of ammunition and one Chinese hand grenade were recovered from the slain militant, the police said.Clashes erupted in Anantnag after locals, who attended the militant’s funeral, threw stones at the security forces.
A day after his former leader, Trinamool Congress (TMC) chief and West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee, met Shiv Sena chief Uddhav Thakeray, former Union Minister Mukul Roy joined the BJP in New Delhi on Friday evening.With this, he ended all speculation about his political future, declaring, as he joined the BJP, that the party would soon be in power in the eastern State.Union Minister for Information Technology Ravi Shankar Prasad, BJP general secretary in charge of West Bengal Kailash Vijayvargiya and Rajya Sabha member Swapan Dasgupta welcomed Mr. Roy into the party fold. After the ceremony, he met party president Amit Shah and Railway Minister Piyush Goyal for photo-ops.“I sincerely believe that the Trinamool Congress would not have grown as it did without the support of the BJP. In 1998, when the TMC fought the polls for the first time, it was with the support of the BJP, and again in 1999, it was a part of the NDA and joined the government of Atal Behari Vajpayee. I’m proud to work under Prime Minister Narendra Modi and BJP president Amit Shah, and I believe that the BJP is secular. The people of Bengal are looking for an alternative and the BJP will soon be in power in the State as well,” he said.Misgivings in BJPThere were misgivings in some quarters of the party because of Mr. Roy’s association with the Sharada chit fund scam to which he replied that he expected “the law to take its own course.”Mr. Prasad underlined what the BJP was expecting from Mr. Roy, his organisational abilities in the State and his long experience of dealing with the Communist Party of India (Marxist) and the political culture in West Bengal. “He [Mr. Roy] has been Union Minister for Shipping and Railways, a founding member of the Trinamool Congress, and a most notable feature of his political activism is his fight against the atrocities of the CPI(M) where the voice of dissent has no place,” he said.The BJP, which has been keen to expand in West Bengal and has been floundering in the face of Ms Banerjee’s continued dominance is hoping that Mr. Roy’s knowledge of his former party’s organisational heft will help where several false starts haven’t.