Explore further “We can get an interferometer that is more in line with classical visual optics,” Snigirev says. An interferometer works when beams of light are sent through slits or lenses, and patterns are detected against a background on the other side. The patterns reveal information about the object of study. “Our technique is sensitive enough for diagnostics and accurate measurements, and is more stable and easier to set up than using crystals.” Information on the work done by Snigirev and his colleagues is found in Physical Review Letters: “X-Ray Nanointerferometer Based on Si Refractive Bilenses.”Using electron beam lithography, the lenses used by Snigirev and his peers were created by a process of deep reactive-ion etching into silicon. “We prepared concave lenses, and put them in a row. This inline approach increases the refraction power,” Snigirev explains. “Varying the number of individual lenses it is possible to focus x-rays at different distances from meter to milimeter focus distance and use this technique for nano-focusing.”Rather than relying on double slit-type interferomter, which is difficult to accomplish and because of low resolution and loss of intensity, this team relied more on an interferometer related to the Billet split lens. In this classical optics technique, a lens is cut along the optic axis. This still allows for interference to be measured, but the intensity remains high, and the resolution is better.Snigirev points out that one of the advantages of this system is that it is tunable. . “You can tune this ‘nanoruler’ system easily by changing x-ray energy or by moving objects along the optical axis.” Another advantage of the system is in the silicon construction of the lenses. “Silicon is very stable,” Snigirev explains. “It can also take a high heat load, as from a beam. In this case we are using x-rays, but it could be used for future X-ray Free-Electron laser projects.”Indeed, the possible future applications of this interferometer set up have promise. “This could be very attractive for materials research,” Snigirev insists. “It would allow us a better look at photonic and colloidal crystals, multilayer structures, as well as other natural and synthetic mesoscopic materials”.“Interferometry is used a great deal right now, and it could be improved for research into materials and also for other purposes. It is a very important technique,” Snigirev continues. “However, as it is done now it can be difficult to implement. Our approach is simpler, and it could really help in the development of future applications and materials development.”More Information: A. Snigirev, et. al., “X-Ray Nanointerferometer Based on Si Refractive Bilenses,” Physical Review Letters (2009). Available online: http://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevLett.103.064801. Copyright 2009 PhysOrg.com. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of PhysOrg.com. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Fabricating 3D Photonic Crystals Citation: New interferometer could simplify materials research (2009, August 13) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2009-08-interferometer-materials.html (PhysOrg.com) — “Most current hard x-ray interferometers are based on crystals, which require their high quality and high mechanical stability,” Anatoly Snigirev tells PhysOrg.com. “This can make x-ray interferometry quite limited. What we have done is develop a different set up that is simpler.” Snigirev is a scientist at ESRF in Grenoble France. Along with scientists at the Russian Kurchatov Research Center in Moscow, and at IMT RAS in Chernogolovka, Russia, Snigirev proposes that refractive bilenses made from silicon can be used in place of crystals.
Aquatic viruses usually infect prokaryotes such as bacteria, but the viruses in the Antarctic had a large proportion of viruses that infect eukaryotes. The findings included small single stranded DNA (ssDNA) viruses and phycodnaviruses that have never previously been seen in aquatic environments. The researchers, Alberto Lopez-Bueno and colleagues, from Spain and the UK, examined samples taken from Lake Limnopolar on Livingston Island in the Antarctic before and during the summer, and found the aquatic environment to be rich in microorganisms and a diverse collection of viruses that prey on them. The number of viral genotypes found was unusually high, running into thousands instead of the more usual hundreds, and less than 3 percent of the genome sequences were similar to previously identified viral genomes from aquatic systems. Many of the ssDNA viruses were related to non-aquatic viruses that infect plants, mammals and birds, and some had never been found in aquatic environments before.The scientists also observed a change in the virus assemblage with the seasons. When the lake was covered in ice during spring, the smaller single strand DNA viruses dominated, while in summer, when the lake was open, the larger (>50 nanometer) double-stranded DNA viruses dominated, possibly because of seasonal differences in the host organisms, such as the algal blooms that appear in summer.The scientists also found the double-stranded DNA viruses helped the bacteria survive by assisting their metabolism of amino acids and carbohydrates, and helping with respiration.Antarctic lakes are covered with ice for around nine months of the year, and the underwater environment is cold, dark, and contains few nutrients, and is home to bacteria, protozoa, algae and viruses, and little else. In these conditions viruses probably play an important part in controlling the other microbes.Viruses from Antarctica have been difficult to study in the past because they cannot be grown in the laboratory, but new genome sequencing technologies are allowing researchers to identify viruses without the need to grow them.The research paper is published in the November issue of Science.More information: High Diversity of the Viral Community from an Antarctic Lake, Science 6 November 2009: Vol. 326. no. 5954, pp. 858 – 861; DOI: 10.1126/science.1179287© 2009 PhysOrg.com Antarctic lake. Image credit: British Antarctica Survey. Explore further (PhysOrg.com) — A study of the genetic structure of viruses in an Antarctic lake has revealed an astonishing genetic richness in the large number of viral families discovered. In Brief: Mobile viruses doubled since Nov. 05 Citation: Antarctic lake home to diverse community of viruses (2009, November 11) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2009-11-antarctic-lake-home-diverse-viruses.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Stop Big Brother listening in to your mobile phone conversation More information: Phonotactic Reconstruction of Encrypted VoIP Conversations: Hookt on fon-iksAbstractIn this work, we unveil new privacy threats against Voice-over-IP (VoIP) communications. Although prior work has shown that the interaction of variable bit-rate codecs and length-preserving stream ciphers leaks information, we show that the threat is more serious than previously thought. In particular, we derive approximate transcripts of encrypted VoIP conversations by segmenting an observed packet stream into subsequences representing individual phonemes and classifying those subsequences by the phonemes they encode. Drawing on insights from the computational linguistics and speech recognition communities, we apply novel techniques for unmasking parts of the conversation. We believe our ability to do so underscores the importance of designing secure (yet efﬁcient) ways to protect the conﬁdentiality of VoIP conversations. Citation: Encrypted VoIP not as secure as it sounds (2011, May 26) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-05-encrypted-voip.html The results of the team’s efforts show that services such as Skype, even though they use both encoding (converting words to code or data) and encryption (transforming the encoded messages to a different form using an algorithms) techniques to prevent easy capture of voice conversations over the Internet, are vulnerable to eavesdropping by perpetuators bent on listening in on what are supposed to be private conversations.The team was able to reconstruct conversations, not by beating the encryption scheme, but by measuring the data packet size of messages sent electronically across a network and then by applying known linguistic rules of human speech to those packets to decipher individual components of speech, which when put together, resulted in conversations that were at times, able to be understood by those listening.In the paper that accompanied their presentation, the team describes the process as similar to that used by infants when learning to communicate. They learn by associating certain words they hear over and over with known results. When an adult speaks to them, they parse out the stuff they don’t understand and instead concentrate on the words that stand out that they do know; linguists use the term “well formed” to describe terms that are understandable amongst those that are not. Infants use well formed phrases to help them deduce the meaning of other words that surround the ones they do know to try to figure out what is being said; a process the research team essentially duplicated when trying to recreate phone conversations.Because the results varied widely, and because eavesdroppers would need a lot of time, talent and money to recreate the results the team found, current users of such services shouldn’t worry that someone is listening in, but even so, now that a vulnerability has been exposed, it’s likely that Skype and other VoIP providers will take steps to eliminate the newly discovered weakness. Explore further (PhysOrg.com) — Linguistics researchers working with computer scientists at the University of North Carolina have shown that voice conversations over the Internet, even if they are encrypted, are not as secure as generally thought. Presenting their findings at the IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy in Oakland California this past week, the team showed that by breaking up voice messages broadcast over the Internet, and then parsing the bits into phonemes (human speech components) they could, using linguistic rules, essentially recreate conversations; at least to some degree. The results varied, but were in general good enough to gain the essence of what was being said. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Overall architecture of our approach for reconstructing transcripts of VoIP conversations from sequences of encrypted packet sizes. Image credit: Andrew M. White. © 2010 PhysOrg.com
The patent, which was filed over three years ago, is specific to capacitive touchscreen technology. The patent is worded like this: “[a] computer-implemented method, for use in conjunction with a portable multifunction device with a touch screen display, [that] comprises displaying a portion of page content, including a frame displaying a portion of frame content and also including other content of the page, on the touch screen display.” This means that the patent could literally refer to any screen with a multi-touch interface.The current generation of capacitive touchscreen displays work with a sheet of glass, which uses the human finger as a conductor. This input, a.k.a. your touch, then creates a response from your device. The way that this patent has been worded it could refer to any screen that has a multi-touch interface. This could allow Apple to either squeeze competitors out of the market or to make them pay hefty fees in order to keep making their smart phones or tablet PCs that use the extremely popular multi-touch technology. Of course, it could go in a different direction, with Apple only using the patent as a means to defend their own technology, but only time will tell how it will be used. Apple does, like most major technology companies and hardware makers indulge in the occasional lawsuit over the infringement of patents as a way of thinning the competition and making some fast cash. © 2010 PhysOrg.com Explore further (PhysOrg.com) — Apple was recently awarded a patent that has the potential to have repercussions across the world of smart phones and tablet PCs. Citation: Apple granted smartphone touchscreen patent (2011, June 22) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-06-apple-granted-smartphone-touchscreen-patent.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Taiwan firm accuses Apple of patent infringement
Illustration of a squeezed spin state used to demonstrate Bell correlations. Credit: Engelsen et al. ©2017 American Physical Society Natural systems show nonlocal correlations Citation: Bell correlations measured in half a million atoms (2017, April 17) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2017-04-bell-million-atoms.html Journal information: Physical Review Letters The researchers, led by Mark Kasevich at Stanford University, have published a paper on the large system exhibiting Bell-type quantum correlations in a recent issue of Physical Review Letters.”Our results illustrate the richness of quantum many-body states involving many entangled systems,” Kasevich told Phys.org. “Little is known at this frontier.”In order to use quantum correlations for practical purposes, the correlations must be measured. Until recently, the only way to measure Bell correlations in a system of atoms (or other components) was to measure the correlations between all of the individual atoms. But a few years ago, physicists developed a new method of measuring Bell correlations that does not require measuring individual components, but can be done by measuring the collective properties of the system as a whole. Last year, scientists used this method to demonstrate Bell correlations in a Bose-Einstein condensate of around 500 atoms.In the new study, the researchers have increased this number to a record 500,000 atoms. To do this, they used a method called spin squeezing, in which they started by preparing all of the atoms’ spins in a superposition of up and down states. The researchers then reduced (or “squeezed”) the uncertainty of one spin component below the value allowed for uncorrelated atoms, which simultaneously increases the uncertainty of the conjugate spin component to satisfy the uncertainty principle. By making collective measurements on the spin properties of the entire system, the researchers demonstrated that the spin states exhibit correlations beyond what is expected by classical physics. Currently, it’s unclear exactly how nonlocal Bell correlations may be used in such large systems. In smaller systems, Bell correlations have been used to generate random numbers, which have applications in cryptography. The physicists also expect that the experimental methods used here could be used to test the predictions of quantum theory.”We hope to test quantum mechanics in news ways with spatially extended versions of the states used in this work,” Kasevich said. “Imagine a quantum many-body state extending over one meter involving thousands of correlated particles. The squeezed states used for this work also have practical application in sensors, as they can be exploited to reduce sensor noise.” More information: Nils J. Engelsen, Rajiv Krishnakumar, Onur Hosten, and Mark A. Kasevich. “Bell Correlations in Spin-Squeezed States of 500 000 Atoms.” Physical Review Letters. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.140401 (Phys.org)—Physicists have demonstrated Bell correlations in the largest physical system to date—an ensemble of half a million atoms at an ultracold temperature of 25 µK. The presence of Bell correlations indicates that all of the atoms share nonlocal quantum correlations with each other. These correlations could one day be used in quantum information systems and to design new tests of quantum mechanics. © 2017 Phys.org Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Replay the Lucky Song by Madonna that caused a controversy about ‘crop tops’; newly known as the midriff exposure, is simply rewinding the 80s style. From pop artists to television celebs to super stars, all are in saga with showing off their taut tummies. Some of the artists sporting the crop top look include Rihanna, Frieda Pinto, Sonam Kapoor and Hilary Rhod.For Indian’s, crop top is the next step forward from the typical traditional wear ‘choli’. A few ways to style the crop top right are: Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Team the crop top with high-waist jeans, shorts or skirts, so you reveal less but still look stylish. Go flirty with tying a shirt up at the front with a high waist skirt or jeans. For those chicas who like to play safe, team your crop top with a fitted tank underneath andgo trendy. You can also go formal by teaming the midriff with snazzy pants and a groovy jacket. Beat the heat with these and add the gaga to your daily parade. As the crop top is topping the field all the way, a few curated pieces can be found at a clothing website called Miss Chase (http://www.misschase.com). A UK fashion brand made affordable for the first time ever. Just flaunt it if you have it! Now’s a good time to tone that tummy and pick a colour and cut that works for you – and you will be all set to make heads turn.
Do you have thoughts popping up in your head– Am I happy? Why can’t I feel the happiness from within? Why there is constant pain in my leg or any other part of the body? Why my relationships don’t work? Why am I constantly fighting with my parents? Why am I not able to earn enough money? These are few questions that often come to our mind but we really don’t know the reasons behind them. The reason can be the memories that one is carrying from their past lives. Past life Regression therapy takes a person back to one of his/her past lives while being in a hypnotised state and lets them experience it once again to resolve the problem that he/she facing in the present. It helps us to get into the root cause of the problem to resolve it at physical, mental and emotional level. Past Life Regression Therapy is based on the principles of cause and effect which is commonly known as ‘Karma’ and this is catching up in our country as well through the process of holistic healing. People choose to explore their past lives for many reasons. It can be a source of self discovery and clarity, to find life’s direction and purpose. It may be to understand relationships; an intense attraction or aversion; the origin of fears, guilt and anger. There is insight into health and emotional issues; one may gain an increase in confidence by re-experiencing a happy, successful lifetime. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’All hypnosis is self-hypnosis, including past life regression. It is a voluntary state of mind with a very relaxed, focused concentration and a heightened sense of recall. During the hypnosis or past life regression session one is actively aware and always in control. None can ‘program’ you or make you do or say anything that goes against your desires or beliefs. Before a session, one should discuss thoughts and goals with the hypnotist to find areas of exploration for your hypnosis or past life regression session or the session can be left open to one’s inner guidance to bring forth memories and lives pertinent to your current life. As your guide, the hypnotist assists you on this journey so you may discover and re-experience significant events, situations, relationships and skills, both in this life and past lives. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixMore than half the world’s population believe in reincarnation (past lives) – that we have all lived, died and lived again many times. A great sense of serenity comes from knowing that the deepest parts of ourselves, the soul consciousness, survives physical death and will always exist. Through this process, we are given many opportunities to learn and master the lessons of life on Earth – what many call Karma.Where to go : Dr. Kumar’s Homeopathy & Mental Health ClinicAdd. 585, GF, J. P. Complex, Bank Street, Munirka, New DelhiDr.Rashmi Joshi Psychologist Psychological Aura, Quality Wellness Clinic Delhi
Crediting Shoaib Akhtar for bringing back rhythm in his bowling, Indian pacer Mohammed Shami has said the former Pakistan speedster advised him to shorten his run-up, which has helped him increase his pace.“The recent change in run-up has surely increased my pace. So I am continuing with it and hoping that it pays rich dividends. I did have a chat with Shoaib (Akhtar) bhai and he suggested that I should reduce my big strides. So shortened my stride and it has worked. It (the new run-up) is smooth and comfortable and it has also increased my pace,” Shami said. Also Read – Khel Ratna for Deepa and Bajrang, Arjuna for JadejaShami, who returned to action against West Indies after missing a game due to a niggle, bagged three wickets at the WACA to help table-toppers India register their fourth straight win and book a quarterfinal berth from pool B. With the Men in Blue now in New Zealand for their final two games of the league, Shami is keen to carry on the good work without making any more changes to his action. “I don’t want to change much in my action. And most of the ex-players have advised me against making any major changes to my action. It is always a double edged sword, to change one’s action. It can work for you or go against you. I don’t want go through this confusion and I am satisfied with the little change that I have made to my run-up,” I do not want to make much changes to my action or strategy in New Zealand as well,” he said.
Kolkata: After 12 persons were killed in widespread violence during the West Bengal Panchayat election a day ago, post poll clashes continue to rock parts of the state on Tuesday. The state administration, however, claimed only six of those deaths were poll-related, State Election Commission (SEC) said.”According to the report received from the state administration, 12 deaths are reported on the polling day on Monday. Among them six are poll-related deaths, while the rest were due to different reasons,” SEC Secretary Nilanjan Shandilya told IANS. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsPost poll violence was reported from parts of Howrah district where bombs were hurled in at least 20 houses during a clash between Trinamool Congress workers and BJP activists. A few vehicles were also vandalised and torched.Sporadic incidents of violence took place in South and North 24 Parganas and Nadia districts late on Monday.The single-phase rural polls in the state on Monday saw large scale violence and clashes between opposing political outfits throughout the day even as more than 60,000 armed personnel and 80,000 civic volunteers were deployed to guard close to 58,000 polling booths. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedAs the day progressed, reports of clashes, booth capturing, vandalising of ballot boxes and rigging were received from pockets of South and North 24 Parganas, North Dinajpur, Nadia, West Midnapore and Cooch Behar districts.In several places, gun-toting goons attacked policemen on duty at polling premises, leaving at least two police officers severely injured. Several attempts to rig the election process were also reported across the state as miscreants poured water into ballot boxes or set them on fire. Additional Director General of West Bengal Police Anuj Sharma on Monday said Trinamool activist Arif Ali Gazi died in poll-related violence in South 24 Parganas while two other workers of the party died in Nadia. He said two Communist Party of India-Marxist (CPI-M) workers died in Nandigram in East Midnapore district and a Jharkhand Disom Party worker died in Kushmundi of South Dinajpur.The opposition parties accused the Trinamool Congress of orchestrating unprecedented terror on the polling day and alleged the SEC and state administration completely failed to conduct a free and fair election.Representatives of CPI-M held a protest demonstration outside the SEC office on Monday evening demanding an answer from the poll panel about the adverse situations across the state.The state’s ruling Trinamool Congress, however, claimed that the people were able to exercise their democratic rights and said the situation was well handled barring a few isolated incidents.It accused the Bharatiya Janata Party of bringing in people from Bangladesh, Assam and Jharkhand with the help of Border Security Force personnel on the polling day to create unrest.Voting for the rural bodies in West Bengal was to be held on May 1, 3 and 5, but as the nomination process started in April, it was rescheduled to May 14 by the SEC following a Calcutta High Court order to extend the nomination deadline and announce a fresh polling date.
Kolkata: Amidst complaints of extortion from students for admission to colleges, Kolkata Police Commissioner Rajeev Kumar today visited a college in central Kolkata and spoke to the students and guardians. Kumar went to the Surendranath College in Sealdah area and interacted with students and guardians to know if they are facing any problem regarding getting admission in colleges. Police stations both in the city and districts have been asked to keep a tab on the colleges in their respective areas and take action if there are complaints of extortion, a police official said. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killed Both the police and the state education department have been receiving complaints of irregularities as several students and guardians have alleged that money was demanded from them in lieu of admission in colleges. Education Minister Partha Chatterjee yesterday said some outsiders are involved in the extortion and the government will identify them and take action. West Bengal Chief Minister Banerjee, who paid a sudden visit to her alma mater Ashutosh College in south Kolkata on Monday, said the merit list will be the only criteria for admission to colleges. Also Read – Naihati: 10 councillors return to TMC from BJP Several persons have been arrested in connection with the alleged extortion. Chatterjee, who also had visited two colleges, asked the students to pay the admission fees to the colleges through banks if their names featured in the merit list. The Kolkata Police on Saturday posted a message on its Facebook page, urging students to inform the police if someone demands money for admission to colleges. The post said the identity of the complainant would be protected.
Kolkata: The Congress unit in West Bengal is in favour of fighting the coming Lok Sabha election “alone” in the state despite the party forging alliances with different regional outfits in other parts of the country in its bid to oust the BJP. The view has been communicated to Congress President Rahul Gandhi and the final call on the issue would be taken by the AICC leadership, West Bengal Pradesh Congress Committee (WBPCC) President Somen Mitra told PTI. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal life The Congress has already been hit with the exodus of its elected representatives to the Trinamool Congress. The Bengal unit of the Congress feels that an alliance with either the CPI(M) or the Trinamool Congress will not serve the “long term” interests of the party. Such an eventuality will only further erode the party’s base in the state though it had tasted success in Karnataka and Uttar Pradesh by forging alliances with regional parties the JD(S) and the Samajwadi Party, Congress leaders said. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killed “During my meeting with our party president Rahul Gandhi I had clearly said that it would be good if we fight the Lok Sabha election alone. We may not win many seats but our party will continue to exist in Bengal in the future,” Mitra said. “Forging an alliance with the Trinamool Congress might give us more seats, but it will also ensure that the Congress will cease to exist in Bengal as TMC is more keen on poaching our MLAs and elected representatives,” Mitra said. Senior Congress leaders like P Chidambaram have advocated state-wise alliances to defeat the BJP at the Centre. According to state Congress leaders, aligning with the CPI(M)-led Left Front will not serve any purpose as it will not ensure winning seats as the Left itself is facing a rout in the state. “So we have told the Congress president that it is better for the future of the party in Bengal that we fight the Lok Sabha election alone. Doing so may not ensure too many seats, but it will at least guarantee revival of our organisation in the long run,” AICC member Subhankar Sarkar said. Congress sources, who did not wish to be named, said one of main reasons behind the decision against aligning with the TMC is that the party is not very sure if it would be offered more than four LS seats, it presently has in the state, by the ruling party. “Everyone aspires to contest the election on a ticket of the party he has been working with. But due to alliances with the TMC in 2001, 2009 and 2011 and CPI(M) in 2016 our organisation has suffered badly. We could neither offer seats to our party leaders, nor could we put up our symbols in various seats. That has badly damaged our organisation,” a senior state Congress leader said. The argument against going for an alliance with the CPI(M) is lack of consistency on the part of the Left Front to remain in an alliance as it had unilaterally walked out of the alliance in 2016 after its defeat in the state assembly polls. There are some leaders within the state unit like Abu Hasem Khan Chowdhury, the Congress MP from Malda South and the brother of late party stalwart ABA Ghani Khan Chowdhury, his niece Mausam Benazir Noor, also an MP from the same district, who are strongly advocating Congress-TMC alliance to stop the march of BJP in West Bengal. Former PCC president and MP Pradip Bhattacharya, who is also chairman of the party coordination committee, agreed that the mood of the state leadership is to go alone in the polls. He said, the assembly election result in five states and the outcome of the all party meeting on November 22 in New Delhi will be crucial and play a deciding factor while chalking out Congress’ strategy. West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee during TMC’s Martyrs Day rally on July 21 had set the target of winning all the 42 Lok Sabha seats in the state. “We don’t need anybody in Bengal. We can fight and win on our own,” a senior TMC leader said. CPI(M) central committee member Sujan Chakraborty said all secular and democratic forces should come together in order to defeat the BJP and TMC. Out of the 42 Lok Sabha seats in Bengal, the TMC had won 34 seats, Congress four and CPI(M)and BJP two each in 2014. The four seats which elected Congress MPs are in Malda and Murshidabad districts, which were traditional strongholds of Congress but have been penetrated by TMC. In the 2009 Lok Sabha elections, Congress had contested 14 seats in the state and TMC in 27 seats and SUCI in one seat. The Congress had then won six seats, the TMC had 19 seats and the SUCI(C) one. West Bengal BJP president Dilip Ghosh has mocked Congress, saying that the Congress will not be able to win a single seat in the state this time whether it forges an alliance or not.
Online shoppers are more likely to use mobile apps as a way of researching and organising goods, but less as a buying tool, leading to the abandonment of purchases, finds a study. Although mobile apps are rapidly becoming a popular option to shop online these days, the phenomenon of shopping cart abandonment – customers leave without completing the transaction – is much higher than for desktop-based online shopping, the researchers said. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfThe share of e-commerce traffic from mobile devices increased to 46 per cent in 2016, however, only 27 per cent of purchases were finalised. It is because consumers are often unable to see the full picture on a mobile app or that they could be missing out on special offers or overlooking hidden costs.”The smaller screen size and uncertainty about missing important details about the purchase make you much more ambivalent about completing the transaction than when you are looking at a big screen,” Asaid Nikolaos Korfiatis, professor at the University of East Anglia in Norwich, UK. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveIn addition, concerns related to privacy and security issues on the mobile phones also motivates people to put items into their shopping baskets but then quit without paying.This makes it challenging for the online retailers, who invest heavily in mobile shopping, but are unable to find successful sales.”Mobile shopping is supposed to make the process easier, and yet concerns about making the right choice, or about whether the site is secure enough leads to an ’emotional ambivalence’ about the transaction – and that means customers are much more likely to simply abandon their shopping carts without completing a purchase,” Korfiatis added.
A retrospective exhibition highlighting the musicality in Indian sculptor Dhanraj Bhagat’s work, is being showcased at the National Gallery of Modern Art (NGMA) here.The exhibition titled “Dhanraj Bhagat (1917-1988): Journey from the Physical to the Spiritual” has over 400 works on display, including sketches and sculptures. “Bhagat evoked brilliantly the inner music in his take on the iconic Nataraja or Dancing Shiva, in the elongated lyrical limbs of the lord as though swaying in the tune of the music,” NGMA said in a statement. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfMusic also translates in his flowing sketches of women and musicians with almost ethereal quality, it added.Born in Lahore in 1917, Bhagat, in his earlier depictions showed rural men and women involved in daily activities, inspired by what he saw around him.He later joined the Mayo School of Art, and served as the head of the sculpture department at the College of Art, New Delhi for three decades.The 1977, Padma Shri awardee, worked with mediums like clay, wood, metal or cement, and seemed to have introduced to his work a certain lyrical form. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveBhagat’s style of sculpting romanticism in an objective subject took a spiritual turn in his later years. As his works began to be dominated by a minimalist geometry through which he formed strong images of monarchs, gods and celestial beings, he rendered a spiritual touch to his work.The exhibition seeks to capture the moods and styles of the artist from his initial years to the later simplified geometric forms and icons.The extensive retrospective exhibition marks the sculptor’s centenary year, and is now on display in Mumbai till August 14.
Bankers’ Meet, a think tank of leading professionals from Banking, Financial Services, and Insurance companies, is holding its fourth national conclave in New Delhi, on February 28, 2019.An initiative by TKWs Institute of Banking and Finance Society, Bankers’ meet is known for crystal gazing the future of financial services in India. The BFSI Vision 2022, released in 2015 was well accepted by government and central bank. The vision helped in clarifying the policy direction and inspired many digitisation initiatives in financial services ecosystem. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfThe objective of this event is to create a BFSI Vision Roadmap for engaging a billion BFSI customers digitally. The BFSI ecosystem encompasses 4Ps – Policy, People, Products and Processes. 16 eminent leaders will speak on the opportunities and challenges that the ecosystem poses. Eight industry committees from different BFSI segments are being formed. Each committee will focus on different aspects and propose solutions to make the BFSI vision come true. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveCommenting on the need of Bankers’ Meet, RK Dubey, Convener and former CMD of Canara Bank, said that “BFSI has to catalyse India’s growth to a $5 Trillion economy. The 4th Bankers’ meet is an attempt to steer the efforts of financial services in this direction.” Lt Governor of Puducherry, Dr Kiran Bedi has agreed to inaugurate the initiative and inspire BFSI leaders to take this step. A few other invitees at the meet include Dr Charan Singh, Chairman, Punjab and Sind Bank; Padma Shri Dr Pritam Singh, Advisor to Prime Minister; Chetna Gala Sinha, Co Chair, World Economic Forum; VG Kannan, CEO, Indian Banks Association; Arijit Basu, MD, State Bank of India, and other CEOs from insurance, broking, and more. Explaining the process, Professor Amit Goyal, Director, TKWs Institute of Banking and Finance explained, “The deliberations will be compiled together into a roadmap document which will be circulated to the PMO, MoF, RBI, sector regulars and CMDs of 500 BFSI companies. This will set a precedence for the industry and propel nation to achieve the dream of becoming third largest economy.”
our correspondent ‘Ride for green’, an initiative by The Imperial, New Delhi was undertaken for the first time on the occasion of ‘World Environment Day’ to promote responsible conduct to preserve the environment. A cycle rally with associates was organised to highlight alternative practices to ‘Beat Air Pollution’ in alignment with the United Nation’s theme for this year. An extension of The Imperial’s pledge to #GiveUp plastic for Beating Plastic Pollution and decrease its usage, the cycle rally was a call to action to combat and adopt greener practices to reduce air pollution. From the hotel, the cyclists went to Janpath Road heading to Dr Rajendra Prasad Marg, then to Raisina Road, Vijay Chowk, Rajpath and India Gate, and came back to Janpath Road to return to the hotel. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfAir Pollution has become a global crisis today, and the need for a green economy is paramount. The Imperial aims to broaden the conversation around air pollution through this initiative and urge people to make changes in everyday lives to combat air pollution and its effects on our own health. And with respect to that, the hotel undertook some activities like A floral installation art in the lobby was created to promote human contribution in reducing air pollution, planters were gifted to guests on World Environment Day to spread awareness on the ways to better the air quality in homes, via indoor plants, responsive posters were displayed with the message ‘ Beat air pollution’ across departments to promote the United Nation’s theme. Apart from that, poster making and slogan writing competition was also organised with employees to highlight the key message. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveSpeaking on the occasion, Vijay Wanchoo, Sr Executive VP and GM, The Imperial, New Delhi said, “The Imperial New Delhi is committed to adopting environment-friendly practices to ensure that we function as a responsible organization. With the ‘Ride for Green initiative we are expanding our sustainability efforts further to highlight the need for nature-friendly ways of transport as I believe that this is the need of the hour.” “We believe in changing for a better tomorrow and it all starts with us. Carrying forward our efforts to recycle and reduce plastic usage while reducing water wastage and energy consumption across the hotel, our endeavor to beat air pollution has just begun.” The Imperial Hotel will continue to #GIVEUP to give back in association with WWF India and achieve excellence beyond luxury. The hotel is already in the process of installing air purifiers in its premises to improve the indoor air quality for its guest and associates, and the aim is to scale up the ‘Ride for Green’ initiative in the coming years to make sure that the dialogue around air pollution gains momentum.
Imagine you were visiting the famous Louvre Museum in Paris in late 1911. As you wandered through its rooms, containing some of the world’s greatest masterpieces, you might have been surprised to find that one of the gallery’s most popular attractions was not a painting, but empty space on the wall. This was where the Mona Lisa had once hung. After the theft of the painting in August 1911 and the public outcry that followed it, crowds began to flock to the Louvre to stand and stare at the empty space on the wall.Although it was one of the most famous art thefts in history, it was not carried out by a great criminal mastermind. The culprit was an Italian handyman and petty criminal named Vincenzo Peruggia.Vincenzo PeruggiaPeruggia had been working in the Louvre inserting glass into picture frames. On the night of August 20th, Peruggia and two accomplices hid overnight in a closet in the museum. In the morning, before the gallery opened, they slipped out with the painting weighing around 200 lbs, including the frame and glass, hidden under a blanket.One of the most remarkable things was that the theft was not noticed until the following day. And even then, it was a member of the public rather than staff who raised alarm. One of the regulars at the Louvre was an artist who liked to paint in the gallery under the gaze of the Mona Lisa.He noticed the four empty hooks on the wall. At first, it was assumed that the painting had been removed for photographing as the museum was in the process of cataloging all its paintings. But after checking with the photographer, it became clear that the Mona Lisa had been stolen.Vacant wall in the Salon Carré, Louvre after the painting was stolen in 1911When the story broke it caused a public outcry and catapulted the painting into the public eye. Until that point, the Mona Lisa was not a particularly well-known painting. But it was considered a public embarrassment that the museum could lose a painting by the great Leonardo Da Vinci. The publicity also meant that it would be almost impossible to sell the painting. So, the Mona Lisa spent the next two years hidden in the false bottom of Peruggia’s trunk at his boarding house in Paris.Related Video: Exhibition of Fascinating Leonardo Da Vinci Designs at Science MuseumThe police had little to go on although they considered various lines of inquiry. One possibility was that the painting had been stolen to order for some rich American. The name of J.P. Morgan, the financial tycoon was mentioned in connection with the theft.Mona Lisa by Leonardo da VinciAnother theory was that the Germans had stolen it. Tension had been building between the two countries in the years leading up to the outbreak of war. Suspicion also fell on members of Paris’s artist community, including Pablo Picasso and the poet and art critic Guillaume Apollinaire, both of whom were questioned by the police.Wisely, Peruggia kept a low profile. But two years later he decided to return to his native Italy taking the Mona Lisa with him. His destination was, appropriately, Florence — the real Mona Lisa’s hometown.“La Joconde est Retrouvée” (“Mona Lisa is Found”), Le Petit Parisien, December 13, 1913The subject of the painting is now believed to be Lisa Gherardini, an Italian noblewoman and wife of a Florentine cloth and silk merchant named Francesco Del Giocando who commissioned the portrait. The painting had been sold to the King of France and had even hung on the wall of Napoleon’s bedroom for a while before being returned to the Louvre.Detail of the Mona LisaPeruggia was no doubt banking on the fact that all the fuss about the theft had died down and he was safely out of France. But he was wrong to imagine that it would now be safe to try to sell the painting. He took it to an art dealer who immediately became suspicious. He asked Peruggia to leave the painting so that he could look at it more closely.The dealer may have recognized the painting or may simply have wondered how such a painting had fallen into Peruggia’s hands. He called in an expert in Italian painting who confirmed its provenance. The police were called, and Peruggia was arrested.Mona Lisa at the Louvre by Louis Béroud, 1911In his defense, Peruggia claimed that although he had stolen the painting he had acted out of patriotism. He wanted to bring the Mona Lisa home as he believed it had been stolen by Napoleon.Read another story from us: Mona Lisa copy went from worthless to the most valuable copy in the worldIt is not known if that influenced the judge, but he was given a relatively lenient sentence of eight months in prison. And the Mona Lisa was returned to France to fill that empty space on the wall of the Louvre.
Joel Embiid is done for the year after tearing the meniscus in his left knee on an awkward landing after a dunk against the Blazers. After missing his first two seasons recovering from foot surgeries, Embiid flashed super star potential this year, averaging 20.2 points per game and regularly showcasing his freakish athletic ability. But after his latest knee injury, Colin thinks his career is mirroring that of another injury prone center, Greg Oden. Advertisement “Right now, he’s Greg Oden. Greg Oden was also hurt in college, so was Joel Embiid. This kid has played 31 of 246 NBA games.”Embiid has already shown more NBA potential than Oden did during his stint in the league, but it doesn’t matter if he can’t stay healthy. He can’t stay healthy.Check out Colin’s full rant:
Big Ben’s legacy won’t take a hit with a loss this weekendThe Steelers face the Jags this weekend, after Jacksonville handed them their worst loss of the season in Week 5. Some are saying that if Ben Roethlisberger loses this playoff game it would negatively impact his overall legacy, but Colin disagrees.He thinks Big Ben can still enhance his legacy with another Super Bowl win, but nothing that happens against the Jaguars will negatively impact it. Roethlisberger’s lasting impact of changing one of the legendary NFL organization’s identity from dominant defense to an offensive juggernaut, while still winning Super Bowls. That is set in stone.Guests:Chris Broussard – FS1 NBA Insider is in-studio talking Lonzo’s progression; and the OK3 struggles.Greg Cosell – NFL Films Senior Producer joins the show to explain what the Titans need to do to compete with New England; why Minnesota’s defense should give New Orleans problems; and what the Falcons did to stop the Rams.Brice Butler – Cowboys free agent wide receiver is in-studio talking upcoming free agency; why he won’t go back to Dallas unless he starts; and his experplaying with Dez Bryant.Greg Jennings – FS1 NFL Analyst is in-studio to defend wide receivers; and what makes Drew Brees an all-time QB. Lonzo Ball is underratedLonzo Ball has been a lightning rod for criticism during his brief tenure with the Lakers, thanks in no small part to the constant controversy created by his father LaVar, and a slow start shooting the ball. Even though many other top picks have struggled, Lonzo has been picked apart more than the rest because of his visibility, and some even think he should be traded.Even though bashing Lonzo is in style, Colin argues that he’s actually underrated because he ranks in the Top 10 for NBA point guards in assists, rebounds, steals and blocks, and during a recent stretch when he missed time with an injury, the Lakers weren’t even competitive.
11 min read Free Webinar | Sept 5: Tips and Tools for Making Progress Toward Important Goals This story appears in the March 2011 issue of . Subscribe » To land the big fishes, you need to be able to find them. But like the fishes themselves, data about where and when the big ones are biting don’t stay fresh for long.The 100,000 or so user forum members of Bigfishtackle.com like to share just that kind of information, but by the time they get back home or to their Wi-Fi enabled cabins to log on to tell their friends the best places to drop a line (or maybe just to gloat), it could be old news. It would be a lot better if they could log onto their mobile phones the instant they set the hook, right from the boat.”Fishing reports can get a little dated,” says Mike Hodgdon, COO of Colorado Springs, Colo.-based First Light Net, which runs Bigfishtackle.com and other websites for outdoor enthusiasts. “There is a big advantage for the angler to do this while they’re actually on a fishing spot. That’s why we started to see some demand to post to the forum from mobile phones.”The website became an early adopter of new technology enabling a mobile-optimized web browsing experience. In 2007, it started reformatting its site for smaller mobile device screens. But the business soon found dotMobi, a Dublin, Ireland, firm that’s among a handful of companies that sells .mobi domain names, as well as tools for creating a mobile-optimized web experience. Now, Bigfishtackle.mobi gives forum members viewing, browsing and posting functions that are just like the desktop web experience, but rendered just right for a 3- or 4-inch mobile phone screen.The site and others like it represent a growing trend among entrepreneurial businesses to achieve a more mobile-friendly web presence.The .mobi designation isn’t for a separate website–it’s just a mobile-optimized extension. Bigfishtackle.com didn’t have to change its URL. “You can post to the .mobi site, and it integrates with the regular website in real time,” Hodgdon says.Pinky Brand, director of global sales at dotMobi, estimates that businesses could realize a bump in traffic of 10 percent to 15 percent by mobile-optimizing their websites. That could be the amount of traffic they are losing if customers try to visit their regular websites from mobile phones and find them unfit for viewing on their device screens.”Mobile is what a lot of consumers use to look for businesses right now,” Brand says. “In truth, every business already has a mobile website because your website can be seen on mobile phones. It’s just that the businesses may not know how bad it looks on a mobile phone.”Bigfishtackle.mobi was among the first sites launched with dotMobi’s help. Though the site does see some unique visitors, Hodgdon says the crossover from the regular website has been especially notable, with about 40 percent of website visitors crossing over to the mobile-optimized version. That’s a lot of impact for a project that cost its website proprietor little more than $8,000.Mike Hodgdon, COO of Colorado Springs, Colo.-based First Light Net”If you think about it, this makes sense for a lot of different types of businesses because the mobile phone market is so big,” Hodgdon says. “The opportunity is bigger than just building for computers.”The nascent mobile website movement could be the next step for mobile-savvy businesses that have joined the mobile app explosion, or even for those who have missed out on apps. However, in the long run mobile websites could prove to have broader implications and greater business benefits.It can be expensive and labor intensive to develop a mobile app to represent your business. Developers of the earliest mobile data apps often had to write different versions for every mobile device on which they wanted the apps to play, says Mitch Lazar, CEO of Taptu, a social media and technology company with headquarters in Denver and Cambridge, England.Lazar himself was an early entrant into mobile Internet endeavors, having created the CNN Mobile service after starting CNN.com in the 1990s.”There were huge cost and distribution challenges because you had to customize the service for every phone that was out there,” Lazar says. “We had to create about 500 different SKUs for CNN Mobile for different distributors.”A pair of philosophically opposite technology evolutions in recent years made the development process easier. First, Apple created its own tightly controlled app ecosystem with the highly desirable iPhone at the center of it. Next, the emergence of the Android operating system created an open environment for developers to create an app once, and with a few tweaks, get it on a much broader list of devices.The success of the iPhone and the rise of the Android army created a fast-growing market for mobile apps, but with that success came new challenges for any business seeking to make its mark with its own mobile app. For starters, it has to deal with an app store, such as Apple’s iPhone store, that will want a piece of the revenue. Also, the app undergoes lengthy, rigorous testing and certification procedures before it gets a spot on the virtual store shelf.But the biggest challenge may be getting the app noticed once it does become available. At the Apple store, for example, an app now has to fight for attention against more than 300,000 others–and that’s just one app store. And if consumers do find it, will they use it? As mobile phone users download an increasing number of apps, concerns are growing about the potential for app overload.”It’s filter failure, the problem of not being able to filter out what’s core to you,” Taptu’s Lazar says. “It’s a problem that has spanned years as we’ve had an Internet fire hose pointing at us.”Taptu’s MyTaptu social news aggregation app allows users to build a personalized visual experience on the mobile phone that lets them avoid “app-hopping,” Lazar says. That could make it easier for individual business apps to be found in the rapidly growing mobile app universe.Though tools like Taptu help, many small-business owners believe that the mobile app environment still can be an abyss, and that they could better use their time and money enhancing their core websites, rather than trying to get a homespun app onto their customers’ phones.Nitin Bhandari, co-founder and chief product officer of Skyfire, a company in Mountain View, Calif., whose mobile browser technology converts web pages for viewing on mobile devices, says having a greater mobile web focus makes more sense for businesses now because mobile network bandwidth advancements and browser innovations have caught up with device capabilities.”You’ve got better devices, better networks and better browsers,” he says. Yet how and when to pursue the mobile web remains a challenge.Where to Go for More Resources to help you mobilize your web presencedotMobi: Resources and information on buying a .mobi domain.mobiThinking: A spinoff of dotMobi that offers education about mobile web marketing.The Webkit Open Source Project: Information on the browser technology supporting HTML 5’s mobile functionality.mobiForge: A community of independent mobile web developers.The Web Hypertext Application Technical Working Group: Industry body started by folks from Apple, Opera Software and Mozilla Foundation to speed HTML 5 development.HTML5.org: More details on HTML 5 and comparisons to previous versions.Taptu blog: Resources and information on mobile app trends and app streams.”There’s a great deal of confusion about the mobile web,” says Joshua Bixby, president of website optimization firm Strangeloop, in Vancouver, B.C. “Businesses haven’t known what to do about it, and the largest companies have been focused on coming out with their own apps for individual phones.”What’s getting the mobile web more attention is executives checking out their competitors’ websites from their iPhones and finding out [those sites] work better on mobile than their own,” Bixby says. “Then they force their IT departments to change direction and prioritize the mobile web.”DotMobi’s Brand says businesses should keep in mind three factors when developing a mobile website: the site needs to be able to detect when mobile users are accessing it; it needs a way to adapt content to a mobile format; and it needs a way to present that mobile-ready content.One of the main technology tools is HTML 5, the first version of the well-known Internet development language to accommodate mobile. It allows the creation of mobile-optimized websites, as well as “web apps”–essentially website-based apps and widgets that can be accessed through a web browser such as Google Chrome or Apple Safari that uses the Webkit open source web page rendering system that is part of the HTML 5 standard.”Web apps are basically HTML wrapped in an app,” says Mark Britten, senior product manager of NewBay Software, which has offices in Seattle and Dublin. “It is something that is much more lightweight and much quicker to use than XML.”But the best part for small businesses that lack an IT department is that no knowledge of HTML 5 is required. Solutions such as dotMobi’s goMobi service platform can do the grunt work for you. With goMobi, business owners use simple drag-and-drop methods to turn their desktop site into a mobile one. And, Brand says, the conversion process takes just minutes. With dotMobi’s free mobiReady.com service, owners can test their existing site to see how it will look from the perspective of different devices.Many Advocates of HTML5 argue that mobile-optimized websites and emerging web apps based on the platform can help businesses avoid the mobile app store glut by sending users right to their websites–which, in turn, can help dig users out of the piles of mobile apps that may be suffocating their overall mobile Internet usage.”Mobile apps actually have a high churn rate. All of these apps you have downloaded are digital weight you carry around,” says Skyfire’s Bhandari. “But web browsing only continues to increase.”Bixby says a revolution in mobile-optimized websites could eventually de-emphasize app stores for both app creators and users–though he acknowledges that’s hard to imagine right now, during the height of the mobile app market.”Apps as we know them now are a phase in the maturity of the mobile Internet,” he says. “The browser is what will define that experience in the future.”Taptu’s Lazar thinks otherwise: that apps will continue to be important, and that technology like HTML 5 will just make it easier for entrepreneurial businesses to negotiate all aspects of the mobile web, whether in site development or app development.”HTML 5 lets Taptu create a smart browser solution without having to rewrite a lot of code, but you will still have apps. Like your website, they will just be written in HTML 5,” he says.The increasing ease with which entrepreneurial businesses can leverage the mobile web could make it a simple decision for companies to get onboard. In addition, it’s a relatively inexpensive move, and it might even make sense for some new businesses to make their Internet debut as a mobile website.Still, dotMobi’s Brand says the decision to mobile-optimize a site or to go further and support m-commerce is something that has to come down to a business’s understanding of its audience.Bigfishtackle.com was so certain of its users’ interest in mobile that it snapped up about 30 .mobi URLs from dotMobi, Hodgdon says. He sees the potential for m-commerce activity, such as the ability to buy a fishing license from your phone and to display it on your phone screen.”The .mobi site is an extension of what we have been doing from the very beginning,” Hodgdon says.Brand says the progress of mobile websites “reminds me of the desktop Internet growth of 15 years ago. It’s driven by advances in device horsepower and connectivity. But desktop was a slower evolution, and the mobile Internet adoption rate is blindingly fast. The way this will take root is that entrepreneurs will talk to one another and say, ‘I did this and it worked for me, so maybe it will work for you.'” Attend this free webinar and learn how you can maximize efficiency while getting the most critical things done right. February 22, 2011 Register Now »
Hear from business owners and CEOs who went through a crippling business problem and came out the other side bigger and stronger. Listen Now July 8, 2013 Problem Solvers with Jason Feifer 2 min read Facebook is adding a dose of Google to its repertoire.The Menlo Park, Calif.-based social media giant says its personalized search function “Graph Search” will become available to all Facebook users in the U.S. who have the English version in the next few weeks, according to a statement released today. Your search box will be automatically updated, Facebook says.A beta version of Graph Search was released in January. The internal search function mines photos and comments to find recommendations on what to eat, where to shop or what to buy based on what your friends like.Facebook users individually determine the content that can be searched with their privacy settings. If you set a photo as viewable only to you, then it will not come up in a search. If you set a photo as viewable to your friends, then it will come up in searches that your friends conduct. Meanwhile, if you allow a photo to be viewable by everybody, then it will come up in all searches.Reviews on the Facebook Graph Search have so far been mixed. Some social media experts say it holds promise for business owners because it will allow them to advertise next to search results. Others say the initial versions have a clunky user experience.Facebook says over the past few months it has taken the feedback it received from tens of millions of people and made the search tool faster, improved the ability of the function to understand queries and made the interface easier to see and use. “This is just the beginning,” says Facebook in its announcement.Related: Facebook’s Graph Search Holds Promise for Social Marketing