Consigned to kids’ bikes for the past century, the single speed made an impassioned comeback in the early 2000s. For a dedicated few, the spirit of the single speed lives on.You will know Endless Bike Company’s owner Shanna Powell when you see her. If the fairy dress doesn’t give her away, the cat ears attached to her helmet will.In 2008, Powell bought Endless Bike Company, a cottage bicycle drivetrain parts manufacturer for single speed bikes. There was just one problem: she had never ridden a single speed before.“I was just so new to bikes in general that I hadn’t formed an opinion [about single speeds],” says Powell, who had only started working at a bike shop two years prior. “I didn’t know the difference from one bike to the next.”Soon after the ownership transfer, Powell hopped on a single speed at Bent Creek Experimental Forest near her home in Asheville, N.C. Nearly a decade later, she still prefers single speeds to geared bikes.For ease of use, affordability, and low maintenance, Powell argues that beginner riders should start with a single speed from the get-go. If the bike is equipped with a gear appropriate for the terrain, she says, riding a single speed is not much different than riding a geared bike. True, you might be coasting more than pedaling on the downhill, but a strong single speeder knows how to utilize momentum to her advantage and can crush a climb faster than her geared bike counterpart.“I choose to ride a single speed because I think it makes you a better rider,” says Powell. “It forces you to use your bike and your body rather than just shifting.”In general, says Powell, single speeders are the most inclusive subclass of cycling, hinging on the simplest of principles: having fun. And most devout single speeders are characters in one way or another. They have to be. If they’re not taking the brunt of geared cyclists’ jokes, they’re heckling each other. It comes with the bike. More often than not, cyclists who hear “single speed” think either next-level-badassery or stupid pain. The truth lies somewhere in between.Take New River Bikes owner Andy Forron, for example. At this year’s Pisgah Mountain Bike Adventure Race (PMBAR), a 50- to 80-mile self-supported orienteering suffer fest, Forron and his teammate crushed the competition, finishing first in the single speed category and third overall. In jorts and a purple jersey (and a rigid frame with matching purple handlebars), he hardly looked the part.“I wouldn’t put it past Andy to show up in jean shorts and a cutoff shirt,” says Powell. “He’ll be the one standing around at the race beforehand and everyone will be like, ‘Who IS this guy?’ And then he will rip their legs off.”Serious, but not too serious. Or, hell, slap the bag and let’s party. Despite the simplicity of their bikes, single speeders are a mysterious breed. We sat three of them down, Andy Forron (Fayetteville, W.Va.), Rich “Dicky” Dillen (Charlotte, N.C.), and Watts Dixon (Greensboro, N.C.), to get a better idea of the inner workings of a single speeder’s brain. Whether or not their responses lead us closer to the truth is debatable.You’ve all been riding since childhood. Do you remember your first bike?AF: I got a mountain bike for my seventh birthday. I really wanted a dirt bike but I didn’t get that.RD: Some piece of sh*t with a banana seat, yellow and brown because those are the best colors for action.WD: I also had a Schwinn with a banana seat, and then eventually some form of a BMX bike. It was bright yellow. It got run over by a dump truck.How did you get into racing single speeds?AF: I started racing when I was pretty little. I got dragged around to all of the local races when I was 8 or 9. That morphed into doing longer races, and then 100-milers, and then those stupid ones where I don’t sleep for a few days. Now I like to do PMBAR because I can beat Rich and Watts.Read more![nextpage title=”Read one!”]RD: I started mountain biking sometime in college in the late ‘80s. When I moved to Charlotte, my horizons opened. I started racing in Pisgah and doing 24-hour races. Once I learned how to hate myself, that’s when I started single speed racing.WD: I went to a lot of races very early on, but I never raced because I was f*cking terrified. I don’t know why. I rode a lot but I didn’t want to race. Then in my middle school and early high school years, I became obsessed with the idea of doing Ironman. When I got back on a mountain bike, it was always a single speed. The bicycling scene, as vibrant as it may appear sometimes, is just as boring as every other facet of society, so I was looking for something that was not as boring as everything else I had seen.When did single speeds peak in popularity?AF: It seemed like it got really popular about five years ago. Now it’s kinda back to the same people that were doing it in the ‘90s. It’s certainly not what it used to be. You can’t even buy a single speed from a lot of the major manufacturers anymore.RD: Yeah about six years ago. Everyone had a single speed in their quiver then.What appealed to you about riding a single speed?AF: I just started riding single speed because my geared bike broke and I never fixed it.RD: I remember looking at the simplicity of the bikes without all the shit on them. There was a mystique to it. We didn’t know what could be done on a single speed. Once I started riding single speed I couldn’t get back on any of my other bikes because they all sucked. I’ve bought some geared bikes in the last decade and the last one I owned for 47 days. The local shops know not to sell me bikes with gears because I told them to stop me if I ever tried to do it again.WD: Early on, going to all those races and watching, the guys racing single speed were always the biggest characters. It was a lot more nuts back then. They were wearing costumes, like full braziers on a 24-hour race. They stood out and it definitely left an impression and I knew that was more my style.So what is considered proper single speed attire now?RD: No matter what you wear, everyone still has the right to make fun of what you’re wearing. If you wear jorts, you get shit for that. If you take your shirt off, you get made fun of for that. You better have some thicker skin if you wanna play the game. They’re gonna dig shit up forever and hold it against you so be prepared.WD: What about those cargo shorts?RD: If there’s a zombie apocalypse and I’m out riding around, I’m gonna need to put stuff in my pockets so I’m gonna keep those cargo shorts. Just a few pairs. I need a place to put my water.Do you have a single speed hero?WD: Heroes always disappoint. There are no heroes.Read more.[nextpage title=”Read on!”]Why is riding a single speed better?AF: It’s really quiet. Usually. And it’s really simple. You don’t have to screw with it, you just ride it. There’s nothing to break off or hang off.RD: It limits the things I have to think about because I‘m not very good with options. It’s like a Mexican restaurant that just has burritos. If it’s a shitty burrito then I just eat my way through and if it’s a good burrito then yay. I just want to ride my bike. I don’t have to think about what I’m doing. I just need to go faster or slow down and I don’t want to think about much more than that.WD: I like Rich’s answer. I do enjoy the challenge of riding a single speed. When Rich and I did the Trans-Sylvania Epic, we were the only people on rigid bikes. It sucked at times. It was challenging. But we still had tons of fun and finished all of the sections and it levels the satisfaction even if you didn’t win by any stretch.Finish this sentence for me: To ride a single speed you must be…AF: Normal?RD: 21 or older.WD: Humanoid.And this one: You should only ride single speed if…AF: You wanna have a good time.RD: You’re not excited about electronic shifting.WD: You’re looking at Interbike coverage and everything makes you go, “Ugh this is horrible.”What is something about the single speed culture that most of us can’t understand?RD: Whether you stand on the podium or not, you just came there to have a good time. But even when you win you don’t have a sense of accomplishment because you’re like, “If so-and-so had showed up he would have beat me anyway.” There is no satisfaction. You’re just always unhappy. Deep down we’re just racing bikes which is really dumb. We could race lawn mowers and it wouldn’t be much different. I’ve got a push mower.WD: Honestly I don’t even like racing. I like beating people. I like being in front of someone, but I don’t like when someone is in front of me. If there are seven of us all riding together in a race, it sucks. I want to beat all those people but I don’t want to have to race them.How would you describe the present-day single speed community?RD: Dead.WD: D-E-D.RD: Okay, for real, we’re making fun of it seriously. There are just certain things that bother me like the guy who shows up on a single speed because he can’t beat anybody else. We can’t make up our own rules but we have social media now and we can shame people. We can ban cargo shorts on the podium.WD: I think if you ban cargo shorts, the whole mountain bike scene would die.RD: Okay, bring your cargo shorts. As long as we get to make fun of it.WD: Riding single speeds is all something we like to do, but we’re not like, “SINGLE SPEED FOREVVVVER.” On some level everyone is guilty to some degree of putting themselves in a category like mountain biker, road biker, single speeder. We’re real people and we are able to look past something as banal as riding a one-geared bike in the woods as a way to define who we are. What I’m trying to say is, we’re all really deep and complicated people. Like, really deep.So are there different degrees of single speed enthusiasm?RD: There’s the calculated go-to-bed-on-time single speeder with a power meter and a training schedule. Then there are those of us who want to put in some effort but not more than what’s required. We might not drink too much the night before a race. Then there are those who drink way too much the night before and don’t even finish the race and don’t care that they don’t finish and those are beautiful people.Do single speeders have a mantra?RD: Working hard for something we don’t care about is called stress. Working hard for something we love is called passion. Working hard because you’re stupid is called single speeding.WD: Or maybe something existential. Like a Sartre quote. Everything is meaningless.AF: I just like to ride my bike. Yay bikes.What does a single speeder bring on every bike ride?AF: Gummy bears are definitely important. And a good time.RD: Beer and two hard-boiled eggs. There’s something about stopping and drinking a beer and eating two hard-boiled eggs that makes me feel like life doesn’t suck. Or if you can steal bacon from work, that’s good, too.WD: Their neuroses.Do you have a dream single speed bike?AF: A titanium beach cruiser with a dropper post because I want a button on my handlebar like everybody else.RD: What’s my dream bike? A dream bike would be like a four-pound single speed with rockets on it, but then everyone would make fun of me, so there is no dream bike. I have no dreams.
6SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr,Brian Hague Brian has more than 25 years’ experience in financial institutions and the capital markets, and has devoted 21 years to serving credit unions through various roles at CNBS, LLC, a … Web: www.rochdaleparagon.com Details At the CUNA/Rochdale Paragon ERM Certification and Update Schools presented in April, I taught a session titled “Anecdotal Economics.” This concept holds that biases in economic thought, industry economists, and relationships in economic variables result in traditional econometric models that are fallible such that they fail to offer any significant predictive value.Rather, by observing the world around us, and focusing on situations in which conditions vary from the normative state as measured against the backdrop of the immutable laws that govern economic activity, we can assess the likelihood and severity of turning points in economic cycles. To that end, presented below are three take-aways from recent economic data that offer insight into the current state of economic affairs, and indicate that things may not be as they seem, or as the pundits would have us believe.HousingGeorge W. Bush famously said, “As housing goes, so goes the economy.” And the recent housing crisis and resulting bubble and severe recession proved that notion out in ways previously unseen. Today, the housing market appears to be robust. But could another bubble be on the horizon?Examining the S&P/Case-Shiller Home Price Index data for the 20 major markets that make up its composite index provides some clues. The composite index is up 5.3% year-over-year (YOY) as of February 2016, down from January’s post-recession high of 5.7%, but still well above the inflation rate.The laws of economics should tell us that when aggregate prices of owner-occupied residential real estate, which does not generate cash flows, and thus cannot be valued using discounted cash flows, are based on simple supply and demand. The laws tell us that prices are based on supply and demand. Thus, other than in markets where demand is high and the available supply of buildable land is scarce (such as the New York metro), house price growth should roughly approximate the inflation rate. To the extent that the actual growth rate exceeds inflation, by a sufficient margin and for a sustained period of time, a correction is inevitable. This defies conventional wisdom to a degree, but was proven correct from 2007 through 2009.Against that fundamental backdrop, let’s dig deeper into the individual market data that comprise the composite index. Seven of those markets exhibit prices at new record highs, and the recent trajectory of price movements in those markets indicates potential bubbles in each of them. Another eight markets, while not having returned to the highs of the recent housing bubble, exhibit price trends that might suggest bubble-like conditions (although, in at least a couple of those markets, the uptick in the price trend may be too recent to confirm oversold conditions – we must remember that one or two months do not a trend make). This means that as many as 15 of the 20 markets that make up the composite index may be in bubble territory.Looking at some of the largest credit unions in each of those markets, we find that their net real estate loan charge-offs are negative. We can infer from this that, in these markets, while delinquencies and charge-offs may be trending somewhat higher (a trend we’re seeing across collateral types nationwide), recoveries from selling REO in a sharply appreciating market exceed loan balance losses. This is a divergence from the normal state of affairs. And that, according to the concept of anecdotal economics, may be significant.However, the last housing bubble resulted in catastrophe due to a perfect storm of conditions: overbought conditions across a broad swath of markets (a situation that may be emerging today); a dramatic increase in demand for subprime mortgages; an increase in the securitization of those loans; growth in the collateralized debt obligation (CDO) market – in which the worst tranches of those securitized loans were packaged into garbage securities that received triple-A ratings; and a sharp increase in credit default swap (CDS) spreads.Today, the demand for subprime mortgages is nil, CDO issuance is down, and CDS spreads are narrowing for junk bond categories, and are not spiking for higher credit quality obligations. In other words, in spite of the bubbly appearance of housing prices in many markets, and the trend in net charge-offs, another catastrophic house price bubble does not appear to be a threat. Worst-case, we could be setting the stage for a credit-driven recession along the lines of that experienced in 1990-91, and even that could be a year or more away. And there are other, more significant threats over that horizon. Notably, the upcoming election, which presents perhaps the most significant risk of any presidential election in history, in economic (and other) terms.ManufacturingOne of the most reliable indicators (leading to concurrent) of economic downturns has been the Industrial Production (IP) index (should this be IPI Industrial Production Index) viewed on a YOY basis. This is hard data that is far more reliable than survey-based manufacturing indices, such as the regional Fed indices or the national Institution for Supply Management index. Other than in 1998 – when IP YOY suggested a downturn, but unexpected Fed easing to stave off the failure of a large hedge fund propped up the economy for another couple of years before the dot-com bubble burst – this measure has reliably predicted, or correlated with, recessions.Today, IP YOY is -2.0%, and has been negative since last September, which saw the lowest YOY rate since 2009. Negative readings on IP YOY have traditionally suggested recessions. Yet, the domestic economy continues to grow. (While the 2016 Q1 GDP growth rate was a relatively paltry 0.5%, recent years have seen weak first-quarter output growth numbers, only to be reversed in subsequent quarters.)What can we infer from this? It appears from the manufacturing data that conditions suggest we should be in recession, but – as in 1998 – central bank intervention is preventing that occurrence. (We must avoid the temptation to believe that we are in a “new economy;” the rules of supply and demand that drive the economy are immutable, and we have not been in a “new economy” since we were wearing animal skins and trading rocks.) The Fed’s ongoing easy-money policies are sustaining an otherwise weakening economy, and the Fed is increasingly responding to the stock market. The tail is wagging the dog, in other words. And the biggest risk is that when some exogenous shock drives the economy over the edge, the Fed (Barney Fife) will have no bullets in its pocket to stave off or recover from a recession.What might drive that recession? Weakness in China? Consider that when Japan – then the second-largest world economy – encountered weakness in the early 1990s, US GDP grew throughout that decade while Japan’s growth was decimated. We will survive a slowing of growth in China, a common occurrence in maturing emerging markets. The UK exiting the EU? This will be a bigger concern for the weaker members of the EU than for the major players in the developed world. The energy sector? We are seeing firming in domestic energy prices, and the downturn in that sector has resulted in improved efficiencies in domestic energy production that can only be seen as beneficial in the long run.The most significant exogenous risks on the horizon are, again, the upcoming US presidential (and, by extension, down-ticket) elections, and the potential for a catastrophic terror event.EmploymentFinally, let’s look at the latest US jobs report, from April 2016. The report was largely panned as being weak:Nonfarm payrolls “only” grew by 160k, the smallest increase since September and below the Q1 average of 200k/mo. However, that’s still a pretty healthy gain, better than three of the months in 2015 and not far off January’s 168k gain.February and March combined payroll growth was revised down a total of 19k jobs, but both months’ gains remained above 200k – a steady, sustainable growth rate.The unemployment rate remained at 5.0%, mainly due to a decline in the labor force participation rate (more on that later). Note that the jobless rate has only been at or below 5% – Fed Chair Yellen’s “target” – about a third of the time since 1939.Average hourly earnings were the bright spot, growing 0.3% for the month and 2.5% YOY (vs. 2.3% in March, and against virtually non-existent inflation).The labor force shed 362k jobs.But things may not be as they seem, if we examine the underlying demographics. Regarding labor force participation, the baby boom generation (born 1946-1964, a 19-year span) totaled 76.4M people. The average US retirement age is 62. Thus we can assume that the first eight years of boomer births (assuming they’re roughly equally distributed over those 19 years) have retired, and the last of the boomers will retire in 2026, ten years hence. So about 32.2M, or 42%, have already retired, with another 44.2M to retire over the next ten years. That’s 4.42M/year, or 368k/month. That number looks awfully close to the decline in the labor force in April; in fact, it suggests that net of retirements, the labor force may have added about 6,000 jobs in April – not stellar, but still growing. We can expect to see pressure on the participation rate until the boomers are all retired.The upshot of all of this is as follows:We are likely in an economy that is sufficiently weak, given the fundamentals, to be considered in, or approaching, recessionary conditions. However, Fed policy is already easy to the point that the risk of recession is being kicked down the road, at least for now.The domestic housing market is approaching bubble conditions, but improvements in the underlying credit quality – both on a granular and the broader securitized levels – suggest that any ensuing crash will be muted, and would result in a downturn along the lines of the 1990-91 credit-driven downturn, as opposed to the more recent Great Recession.The employment picture is relatively positive, in light of demographics.So what are the most significant risks to the current scenario?The upcoming US election cycle, which could result in increased regulation, high tariffs, high domestic tax rates, increased global exogenous risks, and increased acrimony among the electorate.An unforeseen exogenous shock, most likely related to increased risk of terrorist activity.The unwinding of bloated global central bank balance sheets – as those central banks have increasingly engaged in quantitative easing to address recessionary concerns, the failure to carefully coordinate unwinding those assets by price-insensitive central banks could result in a fire-sale mentality in those asset markets, which could result in sharply higher market interest rates. However, this is likely many years away, especially given the other exigent prevailing risks.The bottom line is that, as long as Fed (and global central bank) policy remains accommodative, the economy will likely continue to perk along at a sustainable pace. The real risks will emerge after the next US President is sworn in next January, and may not fully emerge for a number of months thereafter.
Experts have called for an overhaul in the assessment process for General Election Commission (KPU) commissioners to ensure their independence as election organizers.Constitutional law expert Feri Amsari of Andalas University has questioned the current selection mechanism for KPU members, in which the selection committee only chooses a shortlist of candidates while the House of Representatives holds the final say on who will be selected. In 2017, the selection committee submitted a shortlist of 14 names to the House, which picked seven candidates for the roles of KPU chairman and commissioners. “The selection committee should have picked several candidates to fit the amount required to fill the seats in the KPU, with the House only confirming whether or not they will be accepted,” Feri said on Tuesday during a discussion hosted by the Indonesia Election Portal (Rumah Pemilu).“[This is] to prevent opportunities for political transactions between organizers and prospective election participants [and] conflicts of interest.”Read also: KPU presses on with December elections despite turnout concernsHe said that recent bribery cases involving KPU members should be a wake-up call to increase independence among election organizers. Most notable is the case of Wahyu Setiawan, who is currently standing trial for allegedly accepting a bribe from Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle (PDI-P) politician Harun Masiku. In addition to revamping the selection process, Feri said that KPU members should be guaranteed a salary and benefits until they retire to reduce the potential for graft. “Because they oversee money politics and political endowments, which can be tempting. So, it would be hard for them to maintain independence if they are not well compensated.”He also suggested that the terms for KPU chairs and members should be extended to seven to 10 years to reduce political tension. In the current regulation, the chair and members serve for five years, with the selection process being held two years prior to the general election. Network for Democracy and Electoral Integrity (Netgrit) researcher Ferry Kurnia Rizkiyansyah also pointed out some problems plaguing the selection of members in rural areas, with unscheduled recruitments spanning several waves and “last-minute additions” being common occurrences.Read also: KPU commissioner Evi Novida dismissed for manipulating vote results in West KalimantanFor example, the KPU announced seven new members for its West Java provincial representative office in October 2018, around five months before the 2019 general election. In comparison, the commission selected seven members for its Lampung provincial office in October 2019.“Selection for [KPU commissioners] should be conducted at least two years before an election,” he said during the discussion, adding that the commission should create a more orderly schedule for selecting members in rural provinces, cities and regencies.He added that knowledge about politics, law and the election mechanism should be key considerations in choosing KPU commissioners to ensure the commission’s integrity and professionalism.Topics :
Advertisement Unai Emery faced a barrage of questions relating to Granit Xhaka ahead of Arsenal’s Carabao Cup clash against Liverpool (Picture: Getty)Arsenal’s pre-match preparations ahead of Wednesday’s Carabao Cup clash against Liverpool have been utterly dominated by the speculation surrounding the future of their captain Granit Xhaka.The Switzerland international stormed off the Emirates turf on Sunday, cupping his ear and telling fans to ‘f*** off’ as he exited the pitch to a chorus of boos.Xhaka is yet to apologise for his actions but caused further controversy on Tuesday when he changed his Instagram avatar to a picture of him representing his country rather than his club.Emery confirmed the 27-year-old will not feature at Anfield but Mesut Ozil, having not featured since the end of September, is in-line for a recall, potentially as skipper.AdvertisementAdvertisementADVERTISEMENTHere’s every word the under-fire Arsenal manager had to say in hs pre-match press conference.How is Granit Xhaka after Sunday?Good afternoon. It’s not easy for him and for the team. He is now devastated, devastated and sad. We spoke yesterday and on Sunday night I also spoke. This morning, he trained as normal with the group but he is devastated and he is sad about the situation. His commitment with the club is a great commitment every time. He wants to help.His behaviour was perfect in training, with the group and with the club. He knows he was wrong. He was wrong and he feels it inside very deeply. But that is normal as a human. You need – and every player needs – the supporters’ support. Support them, support the team.We spoke and I spoke a lot with him also about that. We need to learn and when we are having good matches and good moments, they applaud us and we are happy. But when we are in one difficult moment or we are receiving some criticism, we need to also be strong and to know and to learn to play under that pressure. It’s our work, it’s our job and the supporters, they are the most important in our life. Because if there aren’t supporters, there aren’t fans and there aren’t people behind us, there is no reason to play professional football without our fans.Now, he is down. He is down and the most important thing now is that we look after him, his family. Look after him, the club, the team and also recover our best Granit Xhaka. After that wrong situation on Sunday, I have one challenge every time, for myself and also for the team and every and each player. When the supporters – our followers – are unhappy with us because maybe now we need to play, now we need to control the matches better and improve things to be stronger, we need them.But first it’s for us and we need to take one step ahead. Individual circumstances like Sunday, they are coming because as a team we need to improve and we need to be more comfortable and transmit to the supporters and show better performances and the results for them. When we will do that, they are going to support us collectively and individually.AdvertisementAdvertisementShould Granit Xhaka apologise?Yes. I think when we make individual mistakes, we need to make apologies for the circumstances. I prefer to do that. We suggest to him to do it.Will Granit Xhaka apologise?But now, what is the response we are seeing? It’s that he is devastated and he is very down. First is to recover him, his feelings. We need our family, our friends, our supporters to support us, like us. Love us, everybody. He is not feeling that with the supporters. But we are speaking with him to first be calm and be close with his family and be close with us because we are your family too. Be close and we are going to try to be close with our supporters and this is a step, little-by-little, towards that in this moment.Is Granit Xhaka the right person to captain Arsenal?I explained why I decided that. He has the values, he has the respect in the dressing room, he has experience and he is captain of his national team. He has the conditions to be the captain. I decided that and the players respect that. He was wrong on Sunday and he also got wrong the response on Sunday, as a captain.Is Granit Xhaka still the captain of Arsenal?We need to go step-by-step, step-by-step. First is to recover him, as a human, as a player. And then we are going to continue speaking about how we can improve, how we can continue in that way with him, with the team and with everybody.Does that mean he won’t be captain?No, no, no – at the moment, I am not speaking and I don’t want to speak about that. The first is for him to recover. We cannot anticipate the circumstance because I we are going to play a match on Wednesday, on Saturday and I prefer to keep moving, taking each step, and taking the best decision possible.AdvertisementHow will Granit Xhaka be affected mentally?Now he is upset, devastated and sad. It is not only yesterday and today. He is feeling the supporters don’t like him. It is one example. Two weeks ago, I met with 100 supporters at Emirates Stadium and we had one small dinner and one small connection with them, me and Edu.One question there was, ‘Why is Xhaka captain’ and individually he said to me he thinks Xhaka must be more as a player. It is one criticism. I answered him, in response, and we finished that conversation. Afterwards, he came and said to me, ‘I defend Xhaka and I like Xhaka’. If if in 100 people, one is negative on Xhaka then that is positive.Yesterday morning I was saying the same to Xhaka. Sometimes people love us, sometimes people don’t love us. We have positive and negative criticism and people can support us or not. It is the same that we are thinking in all the supporters, on Sunday, after his mistake not every supporter was against him in that moment. It is also because the team is not winning and also they are also in this moment only thinking he is not playing a good match. Each match, each moment is different. We need to be calm and to try to be consistent and and change that individual situation.Will Arsenal fine Granit Xhaka?I think we can again speak about the same, we are in the first step after his mistake. Now is for him to recover as a person.AdvertisementHow will this affect Granit Xhaka’s Arsenal future?We can maybe remind some similar situations in the past for players, and they came back. For example, I was speaking with Hector Bellerin and he said to me that he received some criticism three years ago at Emirates Stadium in one moment because people weren’t happy with his performance and then he came back. The most important is to keep moving ahead , working, improving and showing and transmitting to people that if one moment they don’t like him, to work to change that situation.I don’t know not today how it will be in the future, the most important for me is the present, with the future tomorrow. Tomorrow, for example, he is not in the group but I wasn’t thinking for him for that match [anyway] and he stays here and trains and we are going to let him recover as a person because he is down and then think about the team.Will Mesut Ozil be in the Arsenal squad to face Liverpool?Yes, tomorrow. He’s in the group so he has a chance to play. We have had this morning a very good conversation, Mesut and Me, and I said to him I haven’t changed my idea about him. He knows what I want from him because it’s the same as last season in the first day of pre-season training when we had a conversation. It’s the same as one month ago and in that way, some circumstances weren’t helping us in every moment to be consistent or available to play. But I will say I think the last weeks he has progressively been training well and adding his spirit to help us. For example, our conversation this morning was because I wanted to listen to him about how he’s thinking now to help us and be with us tomorrow. Then if we are in the same spirit and the same idea, to play. It was a very good conversation and tomorrow he’s in the group.Why do Arsenal need Mesut Ozil?We need his quality, his skill and his consistency. We need his positive mentality and then he will help us on the pitch. That’s the next step. I think he’s done the steps before, and now I want the steps like in pre-season and one month ago to help us on the pitch.Will Mesut Ozil be Arsenal captain vs Liverpool?It depends because he’s one of the captains. I’m not thinking exactly yet, but we are going to decide the first XI and if he’s in the first XI. It depends on who else plays. He could be, yes.MORE: Granit Xhaka removes Arsenal captaincy picture from Instagram after shocking outburstMORE: Unai Emery reveals Granit Xhaka is ‘devastated’ after clashing with Arsenal fans Advertisement Metro Sport ReporterTuesday 29 Oct 2019 11:30 pmShare this article via facebookShare this article via twitterShare this article via messengerShare this with Share this article via emailShare this article via flipboardCopy link92Shares Comment Every word Unai Emery said about Granit Xhaka, the Arsenal captaincy & Mesut Ozil before Liverpool clash